—followed, after an intervening clause, by the participial construction διαφθαρησομένους
, as if ὄτι
had not preceded: so v. 46
, εὶπεῖν τε ἐκέλευον ὄτι...ἤδη ἂν πεποιῆσθαι
. See Madvig, § 159 R. 4, for similar irregularities.
—‘ever so little’, lit. ‘how much soever’: vi. 56
, εί καὶ ὁποσοιοῦν τολμήσειαν
, ‘if ever so few should make the venture’: οὖν
added to a rel. pronoun or adverb having the same force as the Latin cumque.
ἐπικλασθεῖεν τῇ γνώμῃ
—‘they might be shaken in their resolution’. Here γνώμη
is the ‘determination’ to resist to the last: in iii. 59
the same phrase is used of a ‘fixed purpose’ to do justice without mercy: in iii. 67 ἐπικλασθῆναι
by itself means ‘to be softened’. τὰ ὅπλα παραδοῦναι
—explanatory of what the Athenians hoped for. Classen brackets these words, believing them to have been inserted from the following line.
—‘so they made proclamation’: ch. 4, 12. εἰ βούλοιντο κ.τ.λ.
—sc. that they should do so: cf. ch. 30, 18: iii. 52
, προπέμπει κήρυκα λέγοντα εὶ βούλονται παραδοῦναι τὴν πόλιν
: v. 115
, ἐκήρυξαν εἴ τις βούλεται Ἀθηναίους ληίζεσθαι
—‘on condition that the Athenians should decide’, lit. ‘so that’: ch. 46, 11, ξυνέβησαν ώστε
, ‘they made terms on condition that’: Xen. Anab. ii. 6. 6
, ἐξὸν ῥᾳθυμεῖν, βούλεται πονεῖν ὥστε πολεμεῖν
, ‘when he might live at ease, he prefers labour provided he may be at war’.
—the Athenians, though just spoken of, are called ἐκεῖνοι
, ‘those yonder’, because in place and in interests alike they are remote from the Lacedaemonians, with whom this part of the sentence deals: iii. 52
, παραδοῦναι τὴν πόλιν τοῖς Λακεδαιμονίοις καὶ δικασταῖς ἐκ είνοις χρήσασθαι
: ii. 11
, ὅταν ἐν τῇ γῇ ὁρῶσιν ἡμᾶς δῃοῦντάς τε καὶ τἀκείνων φθείροντας
, ‘when (the Athenians) once see us in their country ravaging and wasting the possessions of our enemies yonder’, i.e. of the Athenians. So in the orators a person just named is often called ἐκεῖνος
, when not present in the court or immediately concerned in the case: ille is similarly used.
The following are instances of the Thucydidean use of this pronoun: i. 132
, παιδικά ποτε ὢν αὐτοῦ καὶ πιστότατος ἐκείνῳ
, where both αύτοῦ
refer to Pausanias (see Shilleto's note for parallels): ii. 7
, Λακεδαιμονἰοις ..τοῖς τἀκείνων
(sc. τῶν Λακεδαιμονίων
: viii. 45
, ὡς οἱ Χῖοι...ἀξιοῦσι...ἄλλους ὺπὲρ τῆς ἐκείνων
(sc. τῶν Χίων
) ἐλευθερίας κινδυνεύειν