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3.


nunc:i.e. now that his former scheme has failed.

hoc, this new idea. What the idea is is detailed in sects. 7, 8: viz. the reasons for desiring a postponement together with grounds for hoping for it.

civis, citizens, i.e. Romans travelling or doing business in the provinces, or provincials who had received the citizenship.

socios,allies: citizens of communities which, although embraced within the boundaries of Roman provinces, had, for special reasons, been allowed to retain a nominal independence, with their own laws and magistrates.

auctoritatibus,documents, i.e. official testimony ("resolutions," etc.) relating to the acts of Verres.


bonis, good citizens: here, as generally in Cicero, used in a partisan sense for the aristocracy.

experiatur:this violates the sequence of tenses in order to make the meaning clear; the imperf. would refer to the time of getting the money, not to the present moment; cf. § 481, N. (287, h, N.); B. 268, 7; G. 509, 1, N.; H.-B. 478.

fuerit: the subj. shows that this is the thought of Verres, and not merely something thrown in by Cicero.

tempus: the present scheme of the defence is by corrupt means to stave off the trial to a more advantageous time (see chs. vi-viii).

posses:imperf. to express his purpose at the time of the purchase.

criminum vim, the force of the charges.

poterat:indic., the reason being Cicero's. (The whole passage is an instructive example of the freedom of a living language from its own trammels. Rules are made for language, not language for rules.)


eloquentia, gratia:even mere rhetorical skill or personal influence would be, to a criminal who had no case (causa), a respectable (honesto) means of escape compared with these attempts at corruption.

profecto, I am sure.

aucuparetur,be fishing for (lit. set nets for birds).

ut . . . fieret,as to have some one chosen to be put on trial ; the Senate itself was insulted by the selection of one of its members to be set up as a man of straw, that Verres might get clear. The reference is to the trumped-up case with regard to abuses in Achaia (see sect. 6).

hic, i.e. Verres.

causam . . . diceret,stand trial.


quibus . . . rebus, from this (abl. of means with perspicio).

consilio, panel, i.e. the body of jurors (cf. Rosc. Am., p. 24, I. 2). An obvious, and apparently a deserved, compliment. Whatever the general character of the courts, Cicero had in this instance secured a jury on whom he could rely.

in rejectione . . . judicavit,decided at the challenging ("throwing out ") of the jury, i.e. on seeing the kind of men challenged by the two sides respectively.

ut . . . constitueret . . . arbitraretur:subst. clauses of result (justified by the introductory ea) instead of the more regular acc. and inf. of ind. disc.; § 571, c (332,f); G. 557, R. and N1; cf. H. 571,4 (501, iii).


Crimes of Verres from his youth up. His quaestorships. His city-praetorship. His career in Sicily. His guilt is notorious.


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hide References (5 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (5):
    • Cicero, Against Verres, 1.1.6
    • Cicero, Against Verres, 1.1.7
    • Cicero, Against Verres, 1.1.8
    • A. A. Howard, Benj. L. D'Ooge, G. L. Kittredge, J. B. Greenough, Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar, 481
    • A. A. Howard, Benj. L. D'Ooge, G. L. Kittredge, J. B. Greenough, Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar, 571
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