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LII. sectores ac sicarii : a play on the original sense of sectores ; cf. § 80, sectores bonorum et collorum. solent hoc racere . . . ut milites conlocent, are wont to adopt the practice of placing forces ; ut explains hoc: cf. § 127, note. prohibeant ut, shortly for prohibeant ne fiat ut This very rare construction occurs in Iulius Capitolinus Max. Iun. 2, dii prohibeant, ut quisquam ingenuorum pedibus meis osculum figat. consilium publicum : the consilium iudicum could be called publicum, as one which a public official, viz. the presiding praetor, had assembled. Usually consilium publicum meant the Senate, as in § 153, but this did not prevent the term being used of other consilia, to which it applied for the same reasons and no less correctly, though not in its technical sense.
tollantur, from fear that they might in consequence of a political reaction be restored to their rights and property : see Introd. note 36. in, in the case of, in the opportunity offered by ; vestro iure iurando =vestris sententiis, see § 8. dubiumne est, etc. : this recapitulation of a former argument seems suggested here by the words in vestro iure iurando ; and if you are true to that oath, how you will decide the case cannot be doubtful, cum videatis, etc. hic, at the present juncture.
Quodsi : here Cicero returns to the subject of the proscriptorum liberi, § 152 sub init. potuerunt : voluerunt has been suggested ; but by potuerunt Cicero means to imply with rhetorical exaggeration that the sons of the proscribed were not able to bear arms, i.e. were all impuberes et inermes, deserving pity. So infantium puerorum below. suscipere noluit, in that the Senate and the magistrates had had no share in carrying out the proscriptions : cf. Plut Sulla, 31, Sulla immediately proscribed eighty persons, without referring to any of the magistrates. more maiorum : cf. pro Sest. 65, cur, cum de capite civis et de bonis proscriptio ferretur, cum et sacratis legibus et XII tabulis sanctum esset, ut ne cui privilegium inrogari liceret neve de capite nisi comitiis centuriatis rogari, nulla vox est audita consulum, etc. See the speech of Caesar in Sall. Cat. 51, §§ 22 and 40. videte . . . putetis, a common form : cf. de Imp. Pomp. §§ 26, 27, 38, 46 ; and ib. § 11, Halm's note. Videte quem in locum respublica ventura sit would mean, consider to what condition the State will come ; but putetis gives the last verb the force of the Greek optative with ἄν, to what condition the State may (in your opinion) come.
domestica = in cives Some editors have conjectured that the conclusion of the speech is lost. It would be difficult to say what Cicero could have added ; he concludes very suitably with the wish that the acquittal of Sex. Roscius might show the time of bloodshed to have passed away without extinguishing all the feelings of humanity in the hearts of men.
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