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XI.

deorumne . . . populine . . . vestramne; strictly should be deorumne . . . an . . . an. This is the rhetorical figure called anaphora, repetition, which adds much animation. Cf. Cic. Fin. 1.20, si loca,si fana, si campum, si canes, si equos adamare solemus.


quid. . . videtur: cf. § 118 init.

infesta, endangered. Gellius, N.A. 9. 12.2, Infestus et is appellatur, qui malum infert cuipiam, et contra, cui aliunde impendet malum. (Richter.)

ut optet, choose : cf. the subst. aptio.

cervices dare: cf. pro Mil. § 31, optabilius Miloni fuit dare iugulum P. Clodio. T. Roscio, sc. Magno, who was present who had already made his reputation as a sicarius (§17); unless Roscius should be read, as the praenomen is wanting in the MSS.

insutus in culleum, Introd. § 10.

desunt. Cicero had already (§ 5) said that he is patronus causae, counsel for the defence ; but he could rhetorically disclaim the title, as not being able to protect the accused by personal weight and influence; or, as Halm says, though Cicero was patronus causae, he will not reckon himself among the patroni rei (of the accused), because he was not in a position to defend him by personal weight. It is implied in the exaggerated statement desunt that many friends of the accused had not ventured to appear with him in court: cf. § 148.


quoniam quidem. The latter word is adversative, however ; cf. in Caecil. § 48, quid in dicendo posset, nunquam satis attendi, in clamando quidem video eum esse bene robustum. Cf. Nägelsbach, Lat. Stil. § 195 c.

licet hercules. More commonly hercule or hercle: cf. mehercules, §§ 58, 151, but Verr. 11.3.145, licet hercules omnes omnia dicant.

certum est, it is my resolve.

libenter: in the rare sense of according to my inclination, without constraint. The usual sense is cheerfully, gladly. Cf. Cic. Parad. 5.34, qui nihil dicit, nihil facit, nihil cogitat denique nisi libenter ac libere. Licenter dicere, which has been conjectured, is different, being said only of an extravagant and impudent style of speech.

exsistet, will occur.

vim adhibere, have more power over me; more freq. in the sense of vim adferre.


dissoluto, insensate, heedless, implies a higher degree of neglegentia : cf. pro Quinct. 38, quis tam dissolutus in re familiari fuisset, quis tam neglegens?

patrem meum, as in § 145, the so-called rhetor. figure προσωποποία: cf. Cat. 1, § 18, Halm's note.

Ut aut iuguletis aut condemnetis, to effect either a direct murder or an indirect one (i.e. judicial, through the iudices). Condemnare, as often, to effect a condemnation. The verbs have no object, but describe in general terms the aim of Cicero's opponents. Kayser well compares Auct. ad Her. 4. § 19, nam cum istos ut absolvant rogas, ut periurent rogas; ib. 4. § 48. Cf. below, § 56, ut significent.


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hide References (5 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (5):
    • Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, 118
    • Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, 145
    • Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, 148
    • Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, 5
    • Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, 56
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