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XXII. aurrexi ego ; the last word is emphasized: it was I, none of the summi oratores nobilissimique viri1), who arose.

usque eo goes with iocari, and by a confusion of constructions is correlative with antequam; either usque eo . . . dum or antea . . . quam would be expected.

alias res agere, i.e. pay no attention.

vexari pessime, was being very roughly handled.


commode, § 9.

quem dedi. . . vides indicare, explanatory of the previous clause, and forming a kind of parenthesis, as if it were, quem enim dedi, etc.

quos, i.e. the iudices : iudicare, 'are sitting in judgment, s.c. weighing both sides, not betraying one.

restitue nobis, etc. Show us once more that old acuteness and foresight of yours. Cicero says jestingly that Erucius could only re-establish his reputation by confessing that he had rested his case on such slender proofs, because he expected no opposition. On venisse without te, cf. § 59, note.

latrocinium, an act of robbery, a crime: or concrete, a band of robbers; so Richter.


de parricidio causa dicitur, etc. An instance of a universi generis oratio, or statement in general terms ; Greek θέσις. A charge of parricide is being preferred : yet no reason is given by the accuser why the son should have murdered the father. See Cic. Topica, § 79; Orator, § 46; and cf. de Imp. Pomp. § 28 sqq.

his levioribus; his implies these that we all know so well.

neque levi coniectura res penditur, is not weighed by means of careless conjecture; i.e. mere guesswork does not influence the decision.

incertus, untrustworthy, whether as to his knowledge of the facts, or as to the chance of his telling the truth.

ingenio, according to the accuser's ability, according as he has framed his accusation well or ill.

Haec cum sint omnia, though all these circumstances be present.

expressa sceleris vestigia, the footprints of the crime: cf. § 47, note.

per quos, by what agent?: cf. §§ 74, 79.


portentum atque monstrum, and immanitate below : cf. § 38 ; esse aliquem; esse, not aliquem, has the emphasis ; that there should exist a creature.

propter quos : see § 16, note.

educatio : cf. de Fin. 2. 62, etiam in bestiis vis naturae perspici potest ; quarum in fetu et in educatione, laborem cum cernimus, naturae ipsius vocem videmur audire.


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  • Commentary references from this page (8):
    • Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, 1
    • Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, 16
    • Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, 38
    • Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, 47
    • Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, 59
    • Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, 74
    • Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, 79
    • Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, 9
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