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XXVI. ex rerum natura, out of the world ; by denying him the four elements (coelum, solem aquam, terram), "ex quibus omnia nata esse dicuntur."

scelus, concrete, horror, abomination.

uteremur, we should find : cf. Dem. Olynth. I. § 9.

sic nudos, naked as they are, i.e. in their natural nakedness. Mr. S. Stanley in Class. Rev. 1897, p.346, argues in favour of explaining thus : "They did not wish to throw the offenders under such circumstances (sic), i.e. being so wicked, into the river naked": and similarly Livy 2.10. sic armatus (Cocles) in Tiberim desiluit. But in both passages the sense usually given to sic seems best.

ipsum Cf. Macbeth, II.2 : “No, this my hand will rather
The multitudinous seas incarnadine,
Making the green one red.

violata, i.e. defiled by crime.

expiari putantur : so Iphigenia seeks to purify her brother Orestes with sea-water, since θάλασσα κλύζει πάντα τἀνθρώπων κακά, Eur. Iphig. Taur. 1193.


vivis, etc. : the substantival use of adjectives, which is most common in the plural, is especially found in an enumeration of several adjectives, as here ; cf. Zumpt, § 363.

nunquam adluantur, may never be washed, touched. Abluantur is also read.

ad saxa, the hardest kind of resting-place. Cf. Introd. § 10.

diligentius paratiusque : cf. Brut. 241, is ad dicendum veniebat magis audacter quam parate ; Phil. 2.79, invectus est copiosius multo in istum et paratius Dolabella quam nunc ego. Usually Cicero does not use the adverb, but says paratus aliquis ad dicendum venit ; but here paratius, corresponding with the preceding adverb diligentius (= diligentius meditatus) ; and similarly in the passages quoted.

venisses, not you would have come, but you ought to have come = venire debuisses, the past jussive. Cf. pro Sest. 45, restitisses, repugnasses, mortem pugnans oppetisses ; Ib. 54 ; pro Sulla, 25 ; Aeneid 8. 643, At tu dictis, Albane, maneres. See Roby, 1604.


neminem ne . . . quidem: see § 22, note in fin.

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