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Esto, Be it so, marks the transition from the probabile ex vita39) and probabile ex causa40 sqq.) to the particular argumenta et signa, i.e. the evidence bearing directly on the crime. Cf. Verr. 2.5. 43, esto : nihil ex fugitivorum bello laudis adeptus es : at vero, etc.

vicisse debeo, ought to have gained the victory ; i.e. though my victory ought to be an accomplished fact at once.

non quaero . . . quaero. For the absence of the adversative particle, cf. § 1, note ; § 53, mitto quaerere . . . quaero

meo loco, i.e. nunc cum meus est dicendi locus ; Greek, <ἐν τῷ ἐμῷ ὕδατι.

ipsum, sc. percussisse. Romae non fuit, abbrev. for respondeo eum Romae non fuisse.

si liberos, wanting in the MSS. ; but the words are indispensable, since here Cicero begins discussing the latter of the two alternatives, servosne an liberos ; the other follows in § 77, reliquum est ut per servos id admiserit.

ubi eos convenit. Auct. ad Her. ii. § 8 : Argumentum est, per quod reus coarguitur certioribus argumentis et magis firma suspicione. Id dividitur in tempora tria : praeteritum, instans, consequens. In praeterito tempore oportet considerare, ubi fuerit, ubi visus sit, quicum visus sit ; num quid adpararit, num quem convenerit.

qui conlocutus est, how did he confer with them ; not necessarily implying by word of mouth, as we find colloqui per litteras, per internuntios.

unde = a quo, through whom. The Romans frequently paid debts, as in modern times, by orders on bankers, argentarii ; a transaction expressed by the phrase scribere or solvere ab argentario, to write an order for payment through or on a banker. Ramsay, Rom. Ant. p.315. Hence the phrases dare, solvere, numerare ab aliquo

caput origin, source.

nunquam cum homine quoquam, an exaggeration ; see § 52 sub fin. : § 76 is more exact, qui nunquam inter homines fuerit.

constitisse = moratum esse ; Verr. 1. l. 101, qui Romae vix triduum constitisset.

praetereo illud, etc. Richter remarks that the commonplace about the innocence of a rustic life is put into the form praeteritio (see § 106), being really of little value as evidence, in spite of Cicero's quod mihi maximo, etc.

inculta, uncivilized.

omnia, of every kind.

agrestem, boorish, wild: cf. § 74, hunc hominem ferum eique agrestem fuisse.

diligentiae economy. Cf. Auct. ad Her. 4. 35, diligentia est accurata conservatio suorum

magistra, teacher.

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  • Commentary references from this page (9):
    • Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, 1
    • Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, 106
    • Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, 39
    • Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, 40
    • Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, 52
    • Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, 53
    • Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, 74
    • Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, 76
    • Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, 77
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