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xiv.


qui (=qualis) homo? Cicero proceeds to show that the former life of Sex. Roscius afforded no ground for believing him guilty; a line of argument termed probabile ex vita by the rhetoricians. It continues through § 39.

annos natus maior quadraginta. As natus itself has no comparative, natus maior (minor) was said, and the number of years subjoined either in the abl. (Verr. 2.2.122, ne qui minor triginta annis natus) or in the accus., quam being omitted as after plus (amplius) and minus. For a third form without natus, cf. § 100, minorem annis sexaginta. Madvig, § 306, Obs. 1.

luxuries. . . luxuria, here and in § 75 the word fluctuates from one declension to the other.

ne in convivio . . . interfuisse. Erucius' own statement was less sweeping: cf. § 52.

cupiditate, avarice ; officio, observance of duty, i.e. of moral duty : cf. § 27, officii, note.


obiecit; used of feelings which mislead or confound: obicere errorem, rabiem, metum, etc. This section begins the probabile ex causa, i.e. the inquiry whcther the accused had any motive for committing the crime laid to his charge.

lustam, adequate. Eam quoque, that secondary cause, no less than the primary one.

necessariis, cogent.


eodem, to the same point (the so-called probabile ex vita), to look for proofs for the statement patri non placebat.

unico filio: cf. Verr. 2.1.104, is cum haberet unicam filiam.

is with an emphasis : he especially.

constantissimus as opposed to amens. Constantia, steadiness of character, was the effect of sanitas animi, the opposite of which is insania: Tusc. 3.9, sanitatem animorum positam in tranquillitate quadam constantiaque censebant (philosophi).

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  • Commentary references from this page (5):
    • Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, 100
    • Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, 27
    • Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, 39
    • Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, 52
    • Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, 75
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