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praedia rustica, estates in the country, as opposed to praedia urbana, which lay in the precincts of the city. relegarat. Roman history gives various instances of this kind of penalty: the best known is that of L. Manlius Imperiosus, dictator B.C. 363: Cic. de Off. 3.112, criminabatur etiam (M. Pomponius trib. pl.) quod Titum filium, qui postea est Torquatus appellatus, ab hominibus relegasset et ruri habitare jussisset. quod... idem; i.e. the same difficulty which met Erucius, etc., occurs to me, etc. The next sentence describes it.
fructuosa; cf. Tuac. 11.13, ager quamvis fertilis sine cultura fructuosus esse non potest. tuenda; usually the duty of the villicus. illius ordinis, that to which Sex. Roscius belonged, viz. that of the rustici Romani, who managed their estates themselves: rusticanis, devoted to agriculture. Cf. Verr. 2.1. 127, an vero dubitamus, quo ore iste ceteros homines inferiores loco, auctoritate, ordine, quo ore homines rusticanos ex municipiis... solitus sit appellare?
in agro, out in the fields. aleretur, should get his food, like a dog kept to guard the house. ad villam, a colloquial term for in villa: cf. pro Tullio 20, dominum esse ad villam. Verr. 2.4.47, apud villam. Ter. Andr. iv. 4.6, quid turbae apud forum est? certis fundis frui, have the full enjoyment of certain estates. This would be an honourable privilege, since it was one of the rights of patria potestas that the son could acquire or hold no property on his own account, unless the father handed over to him a peculium or private possession; though the father could withdraw even this whenever he pleased. rusticana, to be joined with relegatio: cf. § 46, rus relegasse with vita understand rustica, as in §§ 48, 75. amandatio, a ἅπαξ λεγόμενον.
usque eo ... non, so little = adeo non; for either of which tantum abest ut could be said. quod arguas, what you can allege in proof: cf. criminaris above, allege in accusation; Verr. 2.3.37, defendere, allege in defence. contra consuetudinem, because you represent as novum what is done consuetudine, § 44: contra opiniones om., because no one thinks it exile when a son is sent by his father to take charge of the property.
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