NominativeUsed as the subject, predicate object, or independently in titles.
- Subject: Serves as the subject of a finite verb. Smyth 938-939 “ταῦτα οἱ αἱρετοὶ ἀγγέλλουσι τοῖς στρατιώταις” Xen. Anab. 1.2.3; The delegates report these things to the soldiers
- Predicate: The predicate object of verbs such as εἰμί and γίγνομαι Smyth 939 “Κλέαρχος φυγὰς ἦν” Xen. Anab. 1. 1. 9; Clearchus was an exile
- Independent: Standing independently describing titles or names. Smyth 940-942 “προσείληφε τὴν τῶν πονηρῶν κοινὴν ἐπωνυμίαν συκοφάντης” Aeschin. 2.99; he -- the syncophant -- received the common appellation of the vile