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MACELLUM LIVIAE

* a market on the Esquiline in Region V (Not. Cur.), built by Augustus and named after his wife, if it is to be identified, as is probable, withτὸ τεμένισμα τὸ Λίουιον ὠνομασμένον, which Tiberius dedicated at the beginning of 7 B.C. (Cass. Dio lv. 8). A restoration between 364 and 378 by Valentinian, Valens and Gratian is recorded (CIL vi. 1178), and either this macellum or the MACELLUM MAGNUM (q.v.) is marked on a fragment (4) of the Marble Plan (Atti del Congresso storico 1907, i. 121). In the Chronicle of Benedict of Soracte ad ann. 921 (MGS iii. 715) the aecclesia Sancti Eusebii iuxta macellum parvum is mentioned (HCh 251). In the Liber Pontificalis the church of S. Maria Maggiore was described as iuxta macellum Libiae (LP xxxvii. 8; xlvi. 3; HCh 342), that of S. Vito as in macello (Arm. 81 I; HCh 499), and in the Ordo Benedicti 1 (p. 141 =Jord. ii. 665) is written: intrans sub arcum (i.e. Gallieni) ubi dicitur macellum Livianum. Corresponding with these indications ruins have been found just outside the porta Esquilina, north of the road, which may well have been those of this macellum. They consist of an open court, 80 by 25 metres, built of brick and opus reticulatum, and parallel with the line of the Servian wall. This was surrounded with porticus and shops for various kinds of wares. The southern part of this area seems to have been encroached upon by private dwellings as early as the third century (BC 1874, 36, 212-219; 1914, 363; Mon. L. i. 531; HJ 344; LS iii. 167).

1 Lib. Cens. Fabre-Duchesne, ii. 153.

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