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a temple erected by Augustus on the Capitol, and dedicated 12th May, 20 B.C., as a repository for the Roman standards that had been recovered from the Parthians (Cass. Dio liv. 8:καὶ νεὼν ῎Αρεος τιμωροῦ- ἐν τῷ Καπιτωλίῳ κατὰ τὸ τοῦ Διὸς τοῦ φερετρίου ζήλωμα (that is, for the same use, cf. aedes Iovis Feretri)πρὸς τὴν τῶν σημείων ἀνάθεσιν; Ov. Fast. v. 579-580). The statement in the Monumentum Ancyranum (v. 42: ea autem signa in penetrali quod est in templo Martis Ultoris reposui) is generally taken to refer to the temple in the forum of Augustus (see p. 220), and, if so, the standards must have been kept in this temple on the Capitol until the dedication of the other in 2 B.C. (CIL i². p. 318). The temple is represented on coins of Augustus (Cohen, Aug. 189-205; 278-282; BM. Rep. ii. 27 sqq., 4406- 11, 4417-27; 426. 155; 551. 311=Aug. 315, 366-375, 384-389, 704) as a circular domed structure on a high podium with four or six columns, within which is either a figure of Hermes holding the standards, or the standards without the figure (Altm. 50; Jord. i. 2. 46; Rosch. ii. 2392; Gilb. iii. 229-230; Rodocanachi, Le Capitole 42).

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