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the obelisk that stood in front of the church of Ara Coeli on the Capitol (BC 1888, pls. viii, ix; Heemskerck, i. II, 61; ii. 12, 16, 72, 92; cf. Hulsen's text) until some time between 1555 and 1561, when it fell. It was given in 1582 by the city authorities to Ciriaco Mattei, who set it up in the Mattei gardens, where the upper part still stands on a modern base (Mitt. 1891, 4, 27, 31, 45 ; Rodocanachi, Capitole 143, and literature cited 1). It was erected by Rameses II at Heliopolis, and is covered with hieroglyphics (BC 1896, 270-272=Ob. Eg. 101-103). It was probably brought to Rome in the first century, and may have been set up on the Capitoline in connection with the shrine of Isis (see ISIS CAPITOLINA), which stood there at that time (Jord. ii. 183).

1 Cf. also BC 1882, 112; Cons. 171; LS iii. 83; Boissard i, 46.

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1582 AD (1)
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