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a temple built by M. Atilius Regulus after his victory over the Sallentini in 267 B.C. (Flor. Ep. i. 15 (20): in hoc certamine victoriae pretium templum sibi pastoria Pales ultro poposcit; schol. Veron. et Bern. ad Verg. Georg. iii. i ; EE i. 231). It probably stood on the Palatine, and seems to have disappeared at an early date (cf. Tibull. ii. 5. 28).

The newly discovered pre-Caesarian calendar from Antium has, under the 7th July, Palibus ii. This has been held to prove that the Parilia, celebrated on 21st April, the day of the foundation of Rome, should be derived from parere (Parilia dicuntur non Palilia, non a Pale dea, sed quod eo tempore omnia sata arboresque et herbae parturiant pariantque, Mar. Vict. GI.L. vi. 25. 23), rather than (under the form Palilia) from Pales (Varro, LL vi. 15: Palilia dicta a Pale, quod ei Feriae). See Mancini in NS 1921, 101.1 The dual form may be accounted for by the fact that Pales appears sometimes as masculine as well as feminine (Rosch. iii. 1277) or by the existence of two temples close together (cf. Victor(iis) ii in the same Fasti under date 1st August).

1 Cf. also Mitt. 1921, 28-33.

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267 BC (1)
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