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(templum, Tert., Plin.):

a temple which, in order to escape censure for having erected a permanent theatre (see THEATRUM POMPEI), Pompeius built at the top of the central part of the cavea, so that the rows of seats might appear to be the steps leading up to it, and the whole structure be dedicated as a temple and not as a theatre (Tert. de spect. 0o; Tiro ap. Gell. x. I. 7, where the temple is called aedes Victoriae for Veneris Victricis; cf. Mommsen, CIL i. p. 323). The dedication took place in Pompeius' second consulship in 55 B.C. (Plin. NH viii. 20), but the inscription was not put in place until 52 (Gell. loc. cit.). The day of dedication was 12th August (Fast. Allif. Amit. ad prid. Id. Aug., CIL i². p. 217, 244, 324), when Honos et Virtus and Felicitas were joined with Venus, indicating that shrines of these deities stood near that of Venus (cf. Suet. Claud. 21: ludos dedicationis Pom- peiani theatri ... cum prius apud superiores aedes supplicaverat). The temple is mentioned on an inscription (vi. 785),1 and in the third century (Porphyr. ad Hor. Sat. i. 2. 94; HJ 525-526; Gilb. iii. 323; WR 291). For coins of about 44 B.C., depicting the goddess, see BM. Rep. i. pp. 543- 551.

1 It was found among the remains of the theatre near S. Maria di Grottapinta.

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