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the gardens of Julius Caesar, on the right bank of the Tiber (Hor. Sat. i. 9. 18). Their exact limits are unknown, but they extended from a point near the porta Portuensis southwards along the via Portuensis, and contained the temple of FORS FORTUNA (q.v.), which was one mile from the gate (Tac. Ann. ii. 41; Plut. Brut. 20; HJ 643; RE iii. 1297). Caesar entertained Cleopatra in these gardens in 44 B.C. (Cic. ad Att. xv. 5. 2), and left them by will to the Roman people (Cic. Phil. ii. 009; Suet. Caes. 83; Appian, BC ii. 143; Cass. Dio xliv. 35). For remains of works of art and buildings found within the area of these gardens, cf. Ann. d. Inst. 1860, 415-450; BC 1884, 25-30; 1887, 90-95; Mitt. 1890, 149; 1892, 331; PT 181.

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