(Fast. Allif. Pinc. Maff. ad 25 Iul.; v. CIL i². p. 217, 219,
225; Varro, LL vi. 19
) or LUCUS FURINAE
(Varro, LL v. 84
; vii. 45
MSS. only, cf. Mtiller's'rnotes; Fest. 88; Cic. de nat. deor. iii.
46; ad Q.F. iii. I. 4; LMartianus Capella ii. 164
, Furinna). (The
authority of the Fasti is to be preferred to that of the MSS., which
vary, so that we get Furrina alongside Furinalia 1
(Wissowa in RE vii.
).) In Fast. Ant. ap. NS 1921, 104
, the abbreviation FUR is
, Plut. C. Gracch. 17; νυμφῶν Φορρίνων
Gauckler, Sanctuaire Syrien du Janicule 18, Forinarum, CIL vi. 422
cf. 30765) [CIL vi. 10200
is a forgery; cf. Mitt. 1895, 293
]): agrove on
the right bank of the Tiber, on the site now partly occupied by the Villa
Sciarra on the Janiculum. It was in this grove that C. Gracchus met
a voluntary death in 121 B.C. at the hand of his slave Philocrates to
escape his pursuers (Auct. de vir. ill. 65: P. Laetorio in ponte Sublicio
persequentibus resistente, in lucum Furinae pervenit
; cf. Plut. cit.).
The day of the festival (Furrinalia) was 25th July; but in Varro's
time it was already dying out; quoius deae honos apud antiquos. Nam
ei sacra instituta annua et flamen attributus: nunc vix nomen notum
. The excavations of 1906-11 did not bring to light any remains
belonging to the republican period, as had at first been believed (Gauckler,
op. cit. 249-252).
The real nature of Furrina is uncertain (Wissowa cit.). Gauckler
maintained that the use of the word νύμφαι
signified that she had been a
goddess of springs, which he believed that he had actually found; Hiilsen's
scepticism as to their antiquity seems unjustified (Gauckler, op. cit.
The connection with the Furies which Cicero (de nat. deor. cit.:Eumenides... quae si deae sunt, quarum et Athenis fanum est et apud
nos, ut ego interpreter, lucus Furinae, Furiae deae sunt
), Plutarch (cit.)
and Martianus Capella (cit., where he enumerates Fura Furinaque et
as divinities of the underworld) all deduce, probably rests on
a mere similarity of name. There was also a shrine of Furrina not far
from Arpinum (Cic. ad Q.F. cit.: ab eo ponticulo qui est ad Furinae,
, where Satricum is not the better known city in Latium,
but another in the Volscian territory).
The inscription cited ap. Gauckler 19 runs as follows:Διὶ Κεραυνίῳ ῎αρτεμις ἡ καὶ Σιδωνία κυπρία ἐξ ἐπιταγῆς ἀνέθηκεν καὶ νυνφὲς
(sic). It belongs to the latter half of the second century A.D.,
and shows that while the old cult of Furrina was not entirely forgotten,
another worship, that of Zeus Keraunios or Juppiter Ammon, had been
superimposed upon it. CIL vi. 422
, which no doubt came from this same
site, is a dedication 'Iovi optimo maximo Heliopolitano Augusto, genio
Forinarum et cultoribus huius loci
,' belonging to the Antonine or Severan
period; and to this time belongs the establishment here of the cult of
(q.v. for further history of the site and bibliography). The same is probably the case with ibid. 423 (cf. add. p. 3005),
another dedication to Juppiter Heliopolitanus, dating from 238-243 A.D.,
above which is a relief of Atargatis with two lions (Amelung, Kat. Vat.
, n. 152).