OPS, AEDES, TEMPLUM
a temple on the Capitol, probably in the area
Capitolina (Hulsen, Festschrift fur H. Kiepert, 214), which is first mentioned as being struck by lightning in 186 B.C. (Liv. xxxix. 22
. 4; and
probably Obseq. 3). In the latter part of the second century B.C.
L. Caecilius Metellus Delmaticus dedicated a temple to Opifera, probably
Ops Opifera (cf. Fast. Arv. ad x Kal. Sept., CIL i². p. 215: Opi Opifer(ae),
pp. 326-337), which may refer to a restoration of the existing temple on the
Capitol, or less probably to a new one. If it was a new one, it may perhaps
have been in the forum, and referred to in the calendar (Fast. Amit.
ad xiv Kal. Ian., CIL i². p. 245: Opalia feriae Opi. Opi ad Forum
Roman Festivals 273). The temple of Ops on the Capitol was famous
as the place where Caesar stored the state treasure of 700,000,000
sesterces (Cic. ad Att. xiv. 14
. 5; xvi. 14
. 4; Phil. i. 17
; ii. 35
; Veil. ii. 60
. 4; cf. Obseq. 68).
It is also mentioned incidentally by Cicero (ad Att. vi. I. 17) and in
the Schol. Veron. of Vergil (Aen. ii. 714
). At the celebration of the
ludi saeculares in 17 B.C. the matronae assembled in this temple
(CIL vi. 32323
. 75; EE viii. 254
), and the Arval Brethren in 80 A.D. (CIL
. II). Military diplomas were fastened on its walls (dipl. hon.
miss. xv a. 83, CIL iii. Suppl. p. 1962; EE v. 613
), and it is possible
that standard weights were also kept here (cf. a bronze weight with the
inscription: templ(um) Opis aug(ustae)
, Ann. d. Inst. 1881, 182
ILS 8637 a, b). The day of dedication of this temple was the festival of
the Opiconsivia on 25th August (Jord. i. 2
. 43; EE iii. 64-73
; WR 203).