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a temple on the Capitol, probably in the area Capitolina (Hulsen, Festschrift fur H. Kiepert, 214), which is first mentioned as being struck by lightning in 186 B.C. (Liv. xxxix. 22. 4; and probably Obseq. 3). In the latter part of the second century B.C. L. Caecilius Metellus Delmaticus dedicated a temple to Opifera, probably Ops Opifera (cf. Fast. Arv. ad x Kal. Sept., CIL i². p. 215: Opi Opifer(ae), pp. 326-337), which may refer to a restoration of the existing temple on the Capitol, or less probably to a new one. If it was a new one, it may perhaps have been in the forum, and referred to in the calendar (Fast. Amit. ad xiv Kal. Ian., CIL i². p. 245: Opalia feriae Opi. Opi ad Forum; Fowler, Roman Festivals 273). The temple of Ops on the Capitol was famous as the place where Caesar stored the state treasure of 700,000,000 sesterces (Cic. ad Att. xiv. 14. 5; xvi. 14. 4; Phil. i. 17; ii. 35, 93; viii. 26; Veil. ii. 60. 4; cf. Obseq. 68).

It is also mentioned incidentally by Cicero (ad Att. vi. I. 17) and in the Schol. Veron. of Vergil (Aen. ii. 714). At the celebration of the ludi saeculares in 17 B.C. the matronae assembled in this temple (CIL vi. 32323. 75; EE viii. 254), and the Arval Brethren in 80 A.D. (CIL vi. 2059. II). Military diplomas were fastened on its walls (dipl. hon. miss. xv a. 83, CIL iii. Suppl. p. 1962; EE v. 613), and it is possible that standard weights were also kept here (cf. a bronze weight with the inscription: templ(um) Opis aug(ustae), Ann. d. Inst. 1881, 182 f.; ILS 8637 a, b). The day of dedication of this temple was the festival of the Opiconsivia on 25th August (Jord. i. 2. 43; EE iii. 64-73; Rosch. iii. 933-934; WR 203).

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