an altar in the curia Iulia (Fast. Maff. Vat. ad v Kal. Sept.,
CIL ia. p. 225,242,327; Herodian. vii. 11
.3), presumably erected by Augustus
at the same time (29 B.C.) that he set up a statue of the same goddess in
the same place (Cass. Dio li. 22
; Suet. Aug. 100; Herodian. v. 5
During the bitter struggle between Christianity and Paganism in the
fourth century, this altar was regarded as the symbol of the old religion.
It was removed from the senate house first by Constantius in 357, but
seems to have been restored, by Julian, no doubt, and finally banished
by Gratian in 382 (Sym. Rel. 3; Ambros. Ep. i. 17
. 4; 18. , 7, O, 32; 57.
4-6; Seeck, Symmachus liii-liv, lviii; WR 98, 141 ; Jord. i. 2