a temple in the campus Martius, built before 214 B.C.
for in that year-and again in 197-it was struck by lightning (Liv.
. 9: aedem in campo Volcani
; xxxi. 29
. 1). Tradition ascribed
it to Romulus himself (Plut. Rom. 27; q. Rom. 47). It was outside
the walls of the city (Vitr. i. 7
. I : (ut) Volcani vi e moenibus religionibus
et sacrificiis evocata ab timore incendiorum aedificia videantur liberari
Plut. q. Rom. 47). Near it Verres had erected gilded equestrian statues
presented to him by the aratores of Sicily (Cic. in Verr. ii. 150
On 23rd August, the Volcanalia, sacrifice was offered to Vulcan (see
). The calendars differ, however, the Fasti Vallenses (ad Kal.
Sept., CIL ia. p. 240) reading Volcano in circo Flaminio, while the Arvales
(CIL i. p. 215; cf. vi. 32482) contain no indication of place unless Volcano
is to be united with the following Nymphis in campo. (Nor is there any
indication of place in Fast. Ant. ap. NS 1921, 109
.) If this is so, it would
suggest a possible site at the north end of the Saepta (for the discussion
of this question, see CIL iP. p. 326-327; EE i. p. 230; Neue Heidelberger
Jahrbiicher, 1899, 116-117; HJ 481-483; cf. BC 1914, 176
site, however, is far from the circus Flaminius and makes it necessary to
assume an error in the Fasti Vallenses. For a discussion of the origin
of the cult of Vulcan and his identification with other deities, see Carcopino, Virgile et les Origines d'Ostie 87-167.