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a temple of the Syrian Baal, who was introduced into Rome under the name of Jupiter, and called Dolichenus because the cult came from the city of Doliche in Commagene. It was also called Dolocenum (Not. Reg. XIII). Its site is indicated very clearly as close to the church of S. Alessio, at the western corner of the Aventine, by the discovery of several inscriptions (CIL vi. 366, 406-413 =30758-30761) relating to the building itself (409: in fabrica templi, 406: curator templi) and to votive offerings. The date of its erection is uncertain, but probably not earlier than the Antonines (HJ 167-168; Gilb. iii.113-114; BC 1893, 5-7; 1914, 345-346; RE v. 1277; Rosch. i. 1192; DE ii. 1930-1931, 1934; A. B. Cook, Zeus, Cambridge 1914, 608-61 ; Merlin 317-318, 373-374; WR 362, and literature here cited).

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