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(templum, Servius; epodv, Appian, Dionysius):

a temple on the (north) left side of the via Appia, between the first and second milestones (CIL vi. 10234: via Appia ad Martis intra milliarium I et ii ab urbe euntibus parte laeva, cf. Jord. ii. 110; App. BC iii. 41; Serv. Aen. i. 292; Not. Reg. I). There is a distinct rise in the road leading to it, the CLIVUS MARTIS (q.v.) (Ov. Fast. vi. 191-192). The site is 2 kilometres from the porta Capena and just outside the porta Appia of the Aurelian wall. (The first milestone was situated just inside this gate, LS iii. ii.) Beside it was a grove (Schol. Iuv. i. 7: lucus Martis qui Romae est in Appia in quo solebant recitare poetae; cf. ANTRUM CYCLOPIS; HJ 208).

The date of the foundation of this temple is not known, unless, as seems probable, Livy's statement under 388 B.C. (vi. 5. 8: eo anno aedes Martis Gallico bello vota dedicata est a T. Quinctio duumviro sacris Faciendis) refers to this temple and not to that in the campus Martius (see MARS, ARA). The day of dedication was 1st June (Ov. Fast. vi. 19 ; Fast. Ant. ap. NS 1921, 97, Marti in CI[ivo]). The temple is mentioned frequently, and the district around it, even as far as the Almo, was known as ad Martis (Liv. x. 23. 12, 47. 4; xxxviii. 28. 3; Suet. Terent. 5; Cic. ad Q. F. iii. 7; Rostowzew, 496, 497).1 The troops assembled here when setting out for war (Liv. vii. 23. 3), and the transvectio equitum began here (Dionys. vi. 13). In it was a statue of Mars and figures of wolves (Liv. xxii. I. 12: signum Martis Appia via ac simulacra luporum sudasse), and near by was the MANALIS LAPIS (2) (q.v.). There are no certain remains of this temple, but some inscriptions relating to it have been found in the immediate vicinity (CIL vi. 473, 474 (=30774), 478). In 189 B.C. the via Appia was paved from the porta Capena to this point (Liv. xxxviii. 28. 3), and the road was then known as the VIA TECTA (q.v.), no doubt from the construction of a portico along it (Ov. cit.) (HJ 213-214; Gilb. ii. 96-97; Rosch. ii. 2390-2391; BC 1900, 91;2 1906, 209-223; T ix. 37).

1 It is noticeable that another tessera (ib. 498) mentions a locality on the extreme north of the city, AD NUCEM (q.v.); cf. HJ add. p. xxi.

2 It is here proposed to identify the temple with that represented on one of the Aurelian reliefs on the Arch of Constantine; but see FORTUNA REDUX, TEMPLUM.

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388 BC (1)
189 BC (1)
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