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[568] Minos, son of Zeus and Europa, and king in Crete ( Il.13. 450 foll.), is described in Od.19. 179 as “Διὸς μεγάλου” “ὀαριστής”, which Plato interprets by “ὁμιλητὴς καὶ μαθητής”, and Horace ( Od.1. 28. 9) reproduces by ‘Iovis arcanis Minosadmissus.’ It is not to be understood that he is represented here as performing the office which later legends assigned to him; viz. of trying and sentencing the dead in Hades (cp. Virg. Aen.6. 431, etc.). He only presents a shadowy counterpart of himself as he was when alive. Lawgiver, king, and judge in the flesh, he is also lawgiver, king, and judge in the shades. In a later mythological period, his brother Rhadamanthys (who is, according to Hom. Od.4. 564, in Elysium) is given him as an assessor, as well as his other brother, Sarpedon or Aeacus.

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