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[505] The final α of λίπα is always elided in Homer, but the form is proved by Thuc.1. 6. 5.It is doubtless one of the adverbs in “-α^” (like “λίγα, πύκα, κάρτα”, &c.), which are generally regarded as survivals of the instrumental case (Brugmann, M. U. ii. 158). Possibly the phrase “λίπ᾽ ἐλαίῳ” represents an ancient instrum. “λίπα ἐλαίω” ‘with oil olive.’

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    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.6.5
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