Δουλίχιον, called “πολύπυρον” Od.14. 335, did not belong to the kingdom of Odysseus, but was under the government of Meges , Il.2. 625, while in Od.14. 336 mention is made of a “βασιλεὺς Ἄκαστος”. In Il.2. 625 it is mentioned in connection with the Echinades, “οἱ δ᾽ ἐκ Δουλιχίοιο Ἐχινάων θ᾽ ἱεράων νήσων”, to which is added “αἳ ναίουσι πέρην ἁλὸς Ἤλιδος ἄντα”, which seems to throw the islands further south than they really are. Strabo (10. 458) identifies “Δουλίχιον” with “Δολίχα”, the only one of the Echinades which in his time was still fruitful, the others being silted up by the deposit from the Achelous ( Thuc.2. 102). Modern Greek story identifies “Δουλίχιον” with an island that has now disappeared, called Kakaba. According to others, Dulichium was a town on the mainland of Acarnania; or, following the interpretation of Hellanicus (quoted by Strabo 10. 456) who identifies it with “Κεφαλληνία”, we may take Dulichium to be the larger division of “Κεφαλ”. lying nearer to the Echinades, while “Σάμη” may be the other division farthest from Ithaca. Or, possibly (cp. Il.2. 634), Homer thinks of “Κεφαλ”. as actually consisting of two islands, named respectively Dulichium and Same.Ζάκυνθος (Zante) is made feminine in Od.9. 24“ὑλήεσσα” Z. For the retention of a short vowel before the Z. compare “οἳ δε?̀ Ζέλειαν” Il.2. 824, “ἄστυ^ Ζελείης” Il.4. 103, “λειμῶνι^ Σκαμανδρίῳ” Il.2. 467.
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