previous next

[50] ὅθι τε. The addition of the particle “τε”, identical with Lat. que, to pronouns and adverbs seems to indicate a constant action rather than an isolated act, a reference to whole classes, rather than to individuals. As instances, we may compare Il.1. 1μῆνιν . . μυρἴ Ἀχαιοῖς ἄλγἐ ἔθηκεν”, with Il.5. 876κούρην οὐλομένην τ᾽ αἰὲν ἀήσυλα ἔργα μέμηλε”, and Od.1. 327νόστον λυγρὸν ὃν ἐκ Τροίης ἐπετείλατο”, with ibid. 341 “ἀοιδῆς λυγρῆς τέ μοι . . κῆρ τείρει”, in which passages a single fact is contrasted with habitual action. The generalising force of the particle is seen in such phrases as Od.5. 438κύματος ἐξαναδὺς τά τ᾽ ἐρεύγεται ἤπειρόνδε” = ex eo genere fluctuum qui. Compare too the use of “οἷός τε Od.5. 422; 13.223; 14.63; 15. 379. So “ὅσος τε Od.10. 517.On the whole, if we seek for a distinction between this compound relative and the simple relative, we may say that the former often introduces a characteristic of the antecedent, whether, as in the present case, and in v. 52, the antecedent stands alone in its possession of the said characteristic, or whether, as in Il.5. 876, it is one of a class, all the individuals of which possess it. See Monro, H. G. §§ 266 foll.; 331 foll.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide References (8 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (8):
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: