ἐρινῦς. This word Lobeck connects with “ὀρίνω”, or “ἐρευνάω”; others find in the “Ἐρινῦς” the representatives of the Indian SaranyUs (speeding—see Curt. Gk. Et. p. 309); comparing the Sophoclean ( Aj.837) “τανύποδες Ἐρινύες”. They appear in Homer as the agents of the gods below, of “Ζεὺς καταχθόνιος” and “Περσεφόνεια” Il.9. 454, etc. They are especially the avengers of perjury ( Il.19. 260); and the executors of the parental curse (as here, and Od.11. 280, etc.); so that “Ἐρινῦς” may even stand as synonymous with the curse itself ( Il.21. 412). Cp. “Ἀραὶ δ᾽ ἐν οἴκοις γῆς ὑπαὶ κεκλήμεθα” Aesch. Eum.417.They accompany aged ( Il.15. 204) and poor ( Od.17. 475) persons, and are ever ready to defend their rights. In a word, their office is the punishment of crimes against the family, and against society generally.
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