ἕστασαν. This is the older form of the pluperfect as Il.12. 55; Soph. El.723; Thuc.4. 56.Homer regularly uses the short form in the plural; with the solitary exception of “ἐοίκεσαν”, and there the “κ” is part of the root, and not like the “κ” in “ἕστηκα”.
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