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[6] ταύρους παμμέλανας. A title or epithet of Poseidon in Boeotia was “ταύρεος” ( Hes. Scut.104), which probably refers to this practice. Black victims were generally offered to the powers of the nether world ( Od.11. 33), or to Gaia ( Il.3. 103). In Pindar Ol.13. 69, and Virg. Aen.5. 237, a white bull is the sacrifice made to Poseidon. Here the colour must have been chosen as emblematical of the dark sea, or, as Nitzsch suggests, because of the terrible power of the God which seemed to put him on the same footing as the “χθόνιοι θεοί”. For the relationship between Nestor and Poseidon see Od.11. 235 foll.

κυανοχαίτῃ probably describes the colour that Tennyson calls ‘blue-black hair’ (Last Tournament). It is used as an epithet of “Ἀίδηςh. Hom. Cer. 348; and of “ἵππος Il.20. 224.

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hide References (8 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (8):
    • Hesiod, Shield of Heracles, 104
    • Homer, Iliad, 20.224
    • Homer, Iliad, 3.103
    • Homer, Odyssey, 11.235
    • Homer, Odyssey, 11.33
    • Homeric Hymns, Hymn 2 to Demeter, 348
    • Pindar, Olympian, 13
    • Vergil, Aeneid, 5.237
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