previous next

[174] καί κέ οἱνάσσα, ‘I would have given him a city to dwell in,’ to be inhabited by him and his people. Nitzsch remarks that supposing the whole passage genuine, then vv. 178180 forbid us to regard this supposed offer as a jest, or a mere fancy of friendship, though he says the implied conception of kingly power is more Oriental than Achaean, and allows that Od.15. 80-85 “εἰ δ᾽ ἐθέλεις . . ὄφρα τοι αὐτὸς ἕπωμαι ὑποζεύξω δέ σοι ἵππους”,

ἄστεα δ᾽ ἀνθρώπων ἡγησόμαι κ.τ.λ.” can hardly have been an offer in earnest.
The fact is, the seriousness of one part of the speech would be no argument against the fancifulness of the other. Nothing is more earnest than the appeal Agamemnon proposes to make to Achilles, Il.9. 158ταῦτά κέ οἱ τελέσαιμι μεταλλήξαντι χόλοιο”.

δμηθήτωἈίδης τοι ἀμείλιχος ἠδ᾽ ἀδάμαστος κ.τ.λ.”; but nothing is more fanciful than the inducements which he had previously named, ib. 137-156 “νῆα ἅλις χρυσοῦ καὶ χαλκοῦ νηησάσθω
. . “γαμβρός μοί κεν ἔοι, τίσω δέ μιν ἶσον Ὀρέστῃ
. . “ἑπτὰ δέ οἱ δώσω εὖ ναιόμενα πτολίεθρα”. There is an Oriental feature about such overtures, not however that which Nitzsch detects, but this, that they are never thought of by the offerer as likely to be accepted; they are merely ‘assurances of high consideration,’ their very character of exaggeration makes it quite safe that their performance will not be claimed. With the causative “νάσσα” from “ναίω Il., i.e. “νας”-j-“ω”, cp. Pind. Pyth.5. 70τῷ καὶ Λακεδαίμονι
ἐν Ἄργει τε καὶ ζαθέᾳ Πύλῳ
ἔνασσεν ἀλκᾶντας Ἡρακλέος”.
ἐκγόνους Αἰγιμιοῦ τε”.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide References (4 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (4):
    • Homer, Iliad, 1
    • Homer, Iliad, 9.158
    • Homer, Odyssey, 15.80
    • Pindar, Pythian, 5
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: