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[339] πρός, before the face of; the phrase occurs occasionally in later Greek, e.g. Xen. Anab. i. 6, 6βουλευόμενος τι δίκαιόν ἐστι καὶ πρὸς θεῶν καὶ πρὸς ἀνθρώπων” . Hence the use in oaths and entreaties, “πρὸς πατρὸς γουνάζομαι”, etc. It seems to be derived from the purely local sense, as in “πρὸς ἁλός”, ‘in the direction of the sea,’ “πρὸς Διὸς εἰρύαται” 239, q.v.; cf. 6.456.