τόσσον πολλόν must go together, in the sense so much. This use of “τόσσον” with adjectives (which is regular in modern Greek) is rare, except in the case of comparatives. There are, however, a few cases, cf. Od. 15.405 “οὔ τι περιπληθὴς λίην τόσον”, not so very populous, Od. 4.371, 21.275, 370 “τόσον αἴτιος. τοσοῦτο” is similarly used by later writers. The peculiarity of the phrase is that “πολλόν” is pleonastic, as “τόσσον” itself includes the idea of quantity. But this pleonasm serves to emphasize the idea of the very great distance, and so heightens the sarcasm. ὁμίλου may be construed in two ways — (1) as an ablative, sallying against me so far forth from the throng; (2) as gen. after “τόσσον πολλόν”, traversing so large a part of the army. For the use of the gen. in (1) cf. “σταθμοῖο δίεσθαι” 12.304, and Od. 18.8 there quoted. This gives the most vigorous sense (cf. “ἐρχόμενον προπάροιθεν ὁμίλου” 3.22), and suits the common use of “ἐπελθεῖν”; but the constr. would be more natural if we read “ἀπελθών” with P. This regularly takes the gen. in H. (24.766, Od. 2.136, Od. 19.223, Od. 24.310). “ἐπελθεῖν” in most cases means come upon, attack; but the sense traverse can be supported by 18.321 “ἄγκε᾽ ἐπῆλθε,” Od. 4.268 “ἐπ. γαῖαν”.
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