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[285] Τρῶας ἀποδοῦναι: compare the cases of acc. and infin. in prayers, as 2.413, 7.179, Od. 17.354. It is evidently a case here of the ‘infin. for imper.’ though in that idiom the subject when in the 2nd person is in the nom., 5.124θαρσῶν μάχεσθαι,22.259ὧς δὲ σὺ ῥέζειν”, and once even in the 3rd person, 6.87-92 “ δὲ .. θεῖναι” (in 23.247λίπησθε” shews that the 2nd person is in the speaker's mind). Whatever the origin of the constr. it is clear that, while a person directly addressed is vividly present to the speaker's mind as the subject of the verb, and hence naturally is in the nominative, when he is only spoken of indirectly in a prayer he becomes in a sense the object of the prayer. Thus the Trojans here are regarded virtually as objects in relation to the gods of the oath, who are called upon to be the active parties. Hence we can see that even if the nom. was the original constr. it was certain to be attracted by the commoner class of accusatives with the infin. In the case of prayers the constr. is commonly explained as due to an ‘ellipse of “δός”,’ or acc. to Ar. of “εἴη” or “γένοιτο”. H. G. § 241, M. and T. §§ 784-5, van L. Ench. § 124.

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