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δέχομαι , Ion., Aeol., Cret. δέκομαι , Hdt.9.91, Sapph.1.22, Pi.O.2.69, impf.
A.ἐδεκόμηνHdt.3.135: fut. δέξομαι, Ep. also “δεδέξομαιIl.5.238, also in AP5.8 (Rufin.), Aristid.Or.28(49).24; “δεξοῦμαιSIG 360.29 (Chersonesus); δεχθήσομαι (in pass. sense) LXXLe.22.25: aor. “ἐδεξάμηνIl.18.238, etc., “δεξάμηνPi.P.4.70; also ἐδέχθην ὑπ-) E.Heracl.757(lyr., δεχθείς in pass.sense), J.AJ18.6.4, (εἰσ-) D.40.14 (Pass.): pf. “δέδεγμαιIl.4.107, Pi.P.1.100, etc.; imper. δεδεξο Il.5.228, pl. “δέδεχθεh.Ap.538; Ion. 3pl. “ἀπο-δεδέχαταιHdt.2.43, al.:— Hom. also has Ep. impf. “ἐδέγμηνOd.9.513, 3sg. “δέκτοIl.15.88, al., later “ἔδεκτοPi.O.2.54, Simon.184; imper. “δέξοIl.19.10, pl. “δέχθεA.R.4.1554; inf. “δέχθαιE.Rh.525; part. “δέγμενοςIl.18.524 (also “δέχμενοςHsch.); also a 3pl. pres. “δέχαταιIl.12.147; cf. προτίδεγμαι, and v. δεδοκημένος:—
b. catch, as in a vessel, “ὀπὸν . . κάδοις δ.S.Fr.534.3.
2. of mental reception, take, accept without complaint, “χαλεπόν περ ἐόντα δεχώμεθα μῦθονOd.20.271; “κῆρα δ᾽ ἐγὼ τότε δέξομαιIl.18.115.
c. simply, give ear to, hear,ὠσὶν ἠχήνE.Ba.1086; “δ. ὀμφάνId.Med.175 (lyr.); “τὰ παραγγελλόμενα ὀξέως δ.Th.2.11,89.
e. cap verses, “σκόλια δ.Ar.V.1222.
3. take upon oneself,τὴν δαπάνηνPlb.31.28.5: c. inf., undertake, SIG245.34.
II. of persons as the object, welcome,κόλπῳIl.6.483; “ἀγαθῷ νόῳHdt.1.60; ἐν μεγάροισι, ἐν δόμοισιν, Il.18.331, Od.17.110; “δόμοις δ. τινάS.OT818; στέγαις, πυρὶ δ. τινά, E.Or.47; “δ. χώρᾳId.Med.713; τῇ τόλει δ. to admit into the city, Th.4.103; ἀγορᾷ, ἄστει δ., Id.6.44; ἔσω ibid.; “εἰς τὸ τεῖχοςX.An.5.5.6; δ. τινὰ ξύμμαχον accept or admit as an ally, Th.1.43, etc.; accept as security, PGrenf.1.33.4, etc.: metaph. of places, “τόποι τοὺς κατοικιζομένους ἵλεῳ δεχόμενοιPl.Lg.747e; entertain,δείπνοιςAnaxandr.41.2(anap.); “δωρήμασινS.OC4.
2. receive as an enemy, await the attack of,ἐπιόντα δ. δουρίIl.5.238, cf. 15.745; of a hunter waiting for game, 4.107; of a wild boar waiting for the hunters, 12.147; of troops, “εἰς χεῖρας δ.X.An.4.3.31; “τοὺς Λακεδαιμονίους δ.Hdt.3.54, cf. 8.28, Th.4.43; “ἐπιόντας δ.Id.7.77; “δ. τὴν πρώτην ἔφοδονId.4.126; “ἐδέξατο πόλις πόνονE.Supp.393.
3. expect, wait, c. acc. et fut. inf., “ἀλλ᾽ αἰεί τινα φῶτα . . ἐδέγμην ἐνθάδ᾽ ἐλεύσεσθαιOd.9.513, cf. 12.230; also “δέγμενος Αἰακίδην, ὁπότε λήξειενIl.9.191; “δεδεγμένος εἰσόκεν ἔλθῃς10.62.—In these two last senses, Hom. always uses fut. δεδέξομαι, pf. δέδεγμαι, and δεδεγμένος, cf. “δεδεγμένος ὁππόθ᾽ ἵκοιτοTheoc.25.228; δέγμενος is used in sense 3 only, exc. in h.Cer.29, Merc.477: inf. δειδέχθαι as imper., expect, c. gen., “βορέωArat.795, cf. 907, 928.
III. rarely with a thing as the subject, occupy, engage one, τίς ἀρχὰ δέξατο ναυτιλίας [αὐτούς]; Pi.P.4.70.
2. receive, hold,τὴν τροφήνArist.HA531a23,al.; “οἰκίαι ἱκαναὶ δέξασθαι ὑμᾶςSIG344.10.
3. admit of,ψεῦδος οὐδὲν δ. τῶ ἀριθμῶ φύσιςPhilol.11; “τὸ μᾶλλονArist.Top.146a3, cf.D.H.Isoc.2.
4. Geom., contain, circum-scribe,γωνίας ἴσαςEuc.3 Def.11; “πεντάγωνονPapp.422.34.
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