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ἀνήρ , , ἀνδρός, ἀνδρί, ἄνδρα, voc. ἄνερ: pl. ἄνδρες, -δρῶν, -δράσι [α^], -δρας: Aeol. dat. pl.
A.ἄνδρεσιAlc.Supp.14.8: late nom. sg. “ἄνδραςCat.Cod.Astr.7.109.7: in Att. the Art. often forms a crasis with the Noun, ἁνήρ for ἀνήρ, τἀνδρός, τἀνδρί for τοῦ ἀνδρός, etc., ἅνδρες for οἱ ἄνδρες; the Ion. crasis is ὡνήρ, ὧνδρες, Hdt.4.161,134: Ep. also ἀνέρα, ἀνέρος, ἀνέρι, dual ἀνέρε, pl. ἀνέρες, ἀνέρας, ἄνδρεσσι. [Ep. Poets mostly use α_ in arsi, α^ in thesi; but in trisyll. forms with stem ἀνέρ- always α_; so also Trag. in lyr., S.Tr.1011, OT869. But in Trag. senarians α^ always.] (ἀ- in nom. by analogy; cf. Skt. nar- from I.-E. ner-, nṛ- from nṛ-, Gk. ἀνδρ- from ṇr-):—man, opp. woman (ἄνθρωπος being man as opp. to beast), Il.17.435, Od.21.323; τῶν ἀνδρῶν ἄπαις without male children, Pl.Lg.877e; in Hom. mostly of princes, leaders, etc., but also of free men; δήμου one of the people, Il.2.198, cf. Od.17.352; with a qualifying word to indicate rank, “. βουληφόροςIl.2.61; “. βασιλεύςOd.24.253; “ἡγήτορες .Il.11.687.
III. man, opp. youth, unless the context determines the meaning, as in “οὔ πως ἔστι νεωτέρῳ ἀνδρὶ μάχεσθαι ἄνδρα γέρονταOd.18.53; but . alone always means a man in the prime of life, esp. warrior,. ἕλεν ἄνδραIl.15.328; so “. ἀντ᾽ ἀνδρὸς ἐλύθησανTh.2.103; the several ages are given as “παῖς, μειράκιον, ., πρεσβύτηςX.Smp.4.17; εἰς ἄνδρας ἐγγράφεσθαι, συντελεῖν, D.19.230, Isoc.12.212; “εἰς ἄνδρας ἀναβῆναιBMus.Inscr.898; in Inscrr. relating to contests, opp. παῖδες, IG22.1138.10, etc.
VI. Special usages:
1. joined with titles, professions, etc., “ἰητρὸς .Il.11.514; . μάντις, . στρατηγός, Hdt.6.83,92 (dub.); “. νομεύςS.OT1118; ἄνδρες λοχῖται, λῃσταί, ἀσπιστῆρες, ib.751,842, Aj.565; esp. in disparagement, “κλῶπες .E.Rh.645; “. δημότηςS. Ant.690; with names of nations, as “Φοίνικες .Hdt.4.42; “. ΘρῇξE. Hec.19,al.; esp. in addresses, “. ἔφοροιHdt.9.9; “. πολῖταιS.OT 513; “. δικασταίD.21.1, etc.; ἄνδρες gentlemen of the jury, Antipho 1.1, Lys.1.1, etc.; “ . ἈθηναῖοιId.6.8, etc.: hence in Comedy, “. ἰχθύεςArchipp.29; “. θεοίLuc.JTr.15; “ . κύνεςAth.4.160b.
2. ἀνήρ, by crasis Att. ἁνήρ, Ion. ὡνήρ, is freq. used emphatically for “αὐτός, ἐκεῖνοςAr.V.269, prob. in Pl.Sph.216b, etc.: sts. so in oblique cases without the Art., S.Tr.55, 109, 293, etc.; but not in Prose.
3. . ὅδε, ὅδ᾽ ., in Trag., = ἐγώ, S.Aj.78, E.Alc.690, etc.
4. πᾶς . every man, every one, freq. in Pl.Lg.736c, al., cf. E.Or. 1523.
6. δαιμόνι᾽ ἀνδρῶνEup.316; and often with a Sup., “ φίλτατ᾽ ἀνδρῶνPhryn.Com.80, etc.
7.κατ᾽ ἄνδραviritim, Isoc. 12.180, POxy.1047 iii 11, BGU145.5, etc.; so τοὺς κατ᾽ ἄνδρα individuals, opp. κοινῇ τὴν πόλιν, D.Chr.32.6.
8. In LXX, ἀνήρ = ἕκαστος, δότε μοι ἀνὴρ ἐνώτιον Jd.8.24; . τῷ ἀδελφῷ αὐτοῦ προσκολληθήσεται 'each to his fellow', of leviathan's scales, Jb.41.8; also “. εἷς4 Ki.6.2; with negs., . μὴ ἐπισκεπήτω ib.10.19; “ἀνὴρ ἀνήρany one, Le. 15.2.
VII. male animal, Arist.HA637b15.
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