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ἄνθρωπος , , Att. crasis ἅνθρωπος, Ion. ὥνθρωπος, for ἄνθρ-:—, both as a generic term and of individuals, Hom. etc., opp. gods,ἀθανάτων τε θεῶν χαμαὶ ἐρχομένων τ᾽ ἀνθρώπωνIl.5.442, etc.; πρὸς ἠοίων ἑσπερίων ἀνθρώπων the men of the east or of the west, Od.8.29; even of the dead in the Isles of the Blest, ib.4.565; “κόμπος οὐ κατ᾽ ἄνθρωπονA.Th.425, cf. S.Aj.761.
2. Pl. uses it both with and without the Art. to denote man generically, “ . θείας μετέσχε μοίραςPrt.322a; “οὕτω . . εὐδαιμονέστατος γίγνεται .R.619b, al.; . the ideal man, humanity,ἀπώλεσας τὸν ., οὐκ ἐπλήρωσας τὴν ἐπαγγελίανArr.Epict.2.9.3.
5. ἅνθρωπος or ἄνθρωπος alone, the man, the fellow, Pl.Prt.314e, Phd.117e; ὡς ἀστεῖος ., with slight irony, ib.116d, al.; with a sense of pity, D.21.91.
6. in the voc. freq. in a contemptuous sense, as when addressed to slaves, etc., ἄνθρωπε or “ὤνθρωπεsirrah! you sir! Hdt.3.63,8.125, and freq. in Pl., but in Trag. only S.Aj.791,1154; simply, brother, POxy.215.1, Diog.Oen. 2.
7. slave,ἂν . Philem.22; “. ἐμόςGal.14.649; . τῆς ἁμαρτίας or “ἀνομίας2 Ep.Thess.2.3; “. τοῦ Θεοῦ1 Ep.Tim. 6.11; but τιθέναι τινὰ ἐν ἀνθρώποις make a man of, of a freed slave, Herod.5.15.
8. . . any one, Hebraism in LXX Le.17.3 (cf. ἀνήρ VI.8); . like Germ. man 'one', 1 Ep.Cor.4.1,al.
9. Medic., name of a plaster, διὰ σάνδυκος . καλουμένηAët.15.43.
II. as fem., woman, Pi.P.4.98, Hdt.1.60, Isoc.18.52, Arist.EN1148b20; contemptuously, of female slaves, Antipho1.17, Is.6.20, etc.; with a sense of pity, D.19.197.—Prop. opp. θηρίον, cf. ἀνήρ; but opp. γυνή, Aeschin.3.137; “ἀπὺ ἀνθρώπου ἕως γυναικόςLXX 1 Es.9.40, etc.
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