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ἄρσην , , , ἄρσεν, τό, gen. ἄρσενος, Ep., Ion., and Trag.: Att. ἄρρην IG2.678B55, Pl.Smp.191c, etc.: Aeol., Cret., Epid., and Hdt. ἔρσην , q.v.; ἀρσ- prevails in LXX and
A.NT, ἀρρ- is more common in Pap. (exc. Pap. Mag.): nom. ἄρσης IG5(1).364.10(Lacon.), POxy.465.147 (ii A. D.):—male,μήτε τις οὖν θήλεια θεὸς . . μήτε τις ἄρσηνIl.8.7; “βοῦν . . ἄρσενα7.315; “ἄρσενες ἵπποι23.377, etc.; “ἄρσην σποράE.Tr.503; “νηδύςId.Ba.527 (lyr.) (of the birth of Bacchus); “γονήHp.Genit.7: ἄρσην, , or ἄρσεν, τό, the male, A.Ag.861, Supp. 393 (lyr.), Pl.Lg.665c, Smp.191c, etc.; “Ἀπόλλωνι . . θῆλυ καὶ ἄρσεν . . προσέρδεινIG12(8).358 (Thasos, v B. C.); “οἱ ἄρσενεςthe male sex, Th.2.45; “τὸ ἄρσενA.Eu.737.
2. masculine, Id.Supp.951; “φρένεςE.Or.1204: metaph., mighty,κτύπος ἄρσην πόντουS.Ph. 1455 (lyr.); “Ἀχέροντος ἄρσενας χοάςId.Fr.480.3; “ἄρσην βοήAr.Th. 125 (lyr.); “. φθόγγοιAristid.Quint.2.12; of plants, robust, coarse, opp. θῆλυς (tender, delicate), Thphr.HP3.9.3, cf. 2.2.6, Dsc.3.1, al., S.Tr.1196.
3. of gender of nouns, masculine,ὀνόματαAr.Nu. 682.
4. of sex in plants, “ἀπὸ τοῦ ἄρρενος τοῖς θήλεσι βοήθειαThphr. HP2.8.4:—but also, coarse, tough, γογγυλίς ib.7.4.3, cf.3.9.3: Comp. form ἀρρέντερος (cf. θηλύτερος, κὰ τὠρρέντερον γένος in the male line, IG5(2).262.21(Mantinea, v B. C.).
5. Adv. “ἀρρένωςDiog. ap. Stob. 4.44.71. (Occurs without ϝ- on Cret. Inscrr. which preserve ϝ-; cf. Skt. ṛ[snull ]abhás 'bull', Avest. aršan- 'man'.)
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