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ἄρχω , Ep. inf.
A.ἀρχέμεναιIl.20.154: impf. ἦρχον ib.2.378, etc.; Dor. “ἆρχονPi.O.10(11).51: fut. “ἄρξωOd.4.667, A.Pr.940, Th.1.144: aor. ἦρξα, Ep. “ἄρξαOd.14.230, etc.: pf. “ἦρχαCIG3487.14 (Thyatira), Decr. ap. Plu.2.851f:—Med., Od.8.90, etc.; non-thematic part. “ἄρχμενοςCall.Aet.3.1.56, al.: impf., Il.9.93, Hdt.5.28: fut. ἄρξομαι (in med. sense, v. infr.) Il.9.97, E.IA442, X.Cyr.8.8.2; Dor. “ἀρξεῦμαιTheoc.7.95: aor. “ἠρξάμηνOd.23.310, etc.:—Pass., pf. ἦργμαι only in med. sense, v. infr. 1.2: aor. “ἤρχθην, ἀρχθῆναιTh.6.18, Arist.Pol.1277b13, v. infr.11.4:—to be first,
I. in Time, begin, make a beginning, Act. and Med. (in Hom. the Act. is more freq., in Att. Prose the Med., esp. where personal action is emphasized), “πολέμου ἄρχεινto be the aggressor, Th.1.53; π. ἄρχεσθαι to begin one's operations, X.HG6.3.6; ἄρχειν τοῦ λόγου to open a conversation, Id.An.1.6.6; ἄρχεσθαι τοῦ λόγου to begin one's speech, ib.3.2.7. Constr.:
7. Gramm., of a word, “. ἀπὸ φωνήεντοςD.T.633.27; ἄρχουσα (sc. συλλαβή) A.D.Synt.130.13.
II. in point of Place or Station, rule, govern, command,
1. mostly c. gen., rule, be leader of . . , “ΒοιωτῶνIl.2.494, cf. Hdt.5.1, etc.
2. less freq. c. dat., “ἀνδράσιν ἦρξαOd.14.230, cf. 471, Il.2.805, Pi.P.3.4, A.Pr.940, E.Andr.666, IA337, IG7.2830 (Hyettus), etc.; also ἐν δ᾽ ἄρα τοῖσιν ἦρχ᾽ held command among them, Il.13.690, cf. Pl.Phdr.238a: c. inf. added, ἄρχε Μυρμιδόνεσσι μάχεσθαι led them on to fight, Il.16.65.
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