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θαλλός , , (θάλλω)
A.young shoot, young branch, Od.17.224, S.El. 422, Theoc.4.45, etc.: generally, branch, Gp.11.10.3; esp. of the olive (cf. Tim.Lex. s.v. θαλλός)“, ἐστεφανῶσθαι ἐλαίης θαλλῷHdt.7.19; ἐλαίας θ. E.IT1101 (lyr.); and freq. without ἐλαίας, A.Ch.1035, S. OC474, etc.; ἱκτὴρ θ. E.Supp.10, cf. A.Ch.1035; “θ. χρυσοῦςIG12.287.200; στεφανῶσαι θαλλοῦ στεφάνῳ as a mark of distinction, Aeschin. 3.187, cf. IG22.207, 229, Phld.Ind.Sto.68, etc.; “στέφανος θαλλοῦ χρυσοῦςIG22.1388.33; “στέφανος τὸ νικητήριον θαλλοῦPl.Lg.943c; prov., θαλλὸν προσείοντες ἄγουσι they entice, as one does cattle, by holding out a green bough, Id.Phdr.23od; “θαλλῷ προδειχθέντι ἀκολουθεῖνLuc. Herm.68, cf. Lib.Ep.212.3.
II. θαλλοί, οἱ, palm-leaves, which were plaited into baskets, Gp.10.6.2.
III. gift (prob. at first a branch, later in other forms) given to a landlord by one whose bid for a lease was accepted, UPZ112 iii 15 (ii B.C.); repeated annually, “θαλλῶν κατ᾽ ἔτος ἄρτων ἡμιαρτ αβίου καὶ ἀλέκτοροςPRyl.167.16 (i A.D.), etc.; esp. at festivals, PAmh.2.93.11 (ii A.D.); gratuity additional to wages, PCair.Preis.31.21 (ii A.D.); any gift given annually at a festival, Ps.-Callisth.1.32.
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