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ἀστράγα^λος [ρα^], , (v. ὀστέον) of the vertebrae, esp. of the neck, Il.14.466, Od.11.65, AP7.632 (Diod.); votive object, IG5 (2).125 (Tegea, ii A. D.).
II. ball of the ankle joint (not to be confused with σφυρόν, Ruf.Onom.124), Hdt.3.129; in horses, X.Eq.1.15; of various animals, Hp.Int.20,30.
2. οἱ μὲν πόδες ἀστράγαλοί τευ, as a compliment, i.e. well-turned, Theoc.10.36.
III. wrist, LXX Da.5.5,24.
IV. pl., ἀστράγαλοι knucklebones used as dice or a game played with dice,ἀμφ᾽ ἀστραγάλοισι χολωθείςIl.23.88, cf. Hdt.1.94, Menecr.Com.1D.; “. διάσειστοιAeschin.1.59, cf. Men. 423; . μεμολιβδωμένοι loaded dice, Arist.Pr.913a36, cf. Eust.1397.34; later, dice proper,ἀντ᾽ ἀστραγάλων κονδύλοισι παίζετεPherecr. 43.
V. ἐκ τῶν ἀστραγάλων μάστιξ scourge of strung bones, Luc. Asin.38; cf. ἀστραγαλωτός.
VI. moulding in the capital of the Ionic column, IG1.322, Vitr.3.5.7.
VII. milk vetch, Orobus niger, Dsc.4.61, Gal.11.841.
VIII. prism of wood, Aen.Tact.31.17, al.
IX. ear-ring,ξύλινοι .Anacr.21.4.
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hide References (8 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (8):
    • Aeschines, Against Timarchus, 59
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.94
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.129
    • Homer, Odyssey, 11.65
    • Old Testament, Daniel, 5.5
    • Xenophon, On the Art of Horsemanship, 1.15
    • Homer, Iliad, 14.466
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.88
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