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ἐπιφορ-ά , , (ἐπιφέρω
A.bringing to or upon: hence,
1. donative, extra pay, in pl., Th.6.31, D.S.17.94 ; so “ ἔξωθεν . τῆς εὐδαιμονίαςPlb.5.90.4
2. application,ὀνομάτωνPl.Lg.944b, cf.Cra.430d.
3. secondcourse [at dinner], Damox.2.58 (pl.).
4. fine paid by contractor for failure to keep time, BCH35.44 (Delos), cf.Hermes17.5 (ibid.); = καταδίκη, Hsch. (pl.).
5. application, τὴν τῆς αἰσθήσεως . ποιεῖσθαι to concentrate attention, Plu.2.1144b.
b. infliction,πληγῶνPOxy. 283.15 (i A. D.).
6. additional payment of φόρος, IG12.205, al.
II. (from Pass.) offering made at the grave, Plu.Num.22.
2. impact, Epicur.Nat.15.26, al. ; sudden attack, Plb.6.55.2, etc. ; ἐπιφορὰς πρός τινα ποιῆσαι, in controversy, Phld.Lib.p.35 O. ; . ὄμβρων sudden burst of rain, Plb.4.41.7 ; of wind, Thphr.CP5.12.11 ; “ τοῦ κωρύκου .Philostr.Gym.57 ; attack of an orator, opp. ἀπολογία, Id.VS1.25.10 (pl.).
3. vehemence in oratory, Hermog.Id.1.11, al., Philostr.VS1.17.1, al.
4. growth by assimilation of nourishment, Stoic.2.229.
5. Medic., epiphora, persistent flow of tears, as a disease, Dsc.Eup.1.35, Gal.14.749,768 (but non-technically, floods of tears, Plb.15.26.3) ; deflux of morbid humours, Meno Iatr.5.30, Plu.2.102a (pl.) ; “τοῦ γάλακτοςSor.1.76 ; ὀχθώδεις . tuberous eruption, Ruf. ap. Orib.8.24.35.
b. attack, πυρετῶν, etc., Vett.Val.3.4 (pl.), al.
6. propensity, -φορὰς ἔχειν πρός τι Men.Rh.p.342 S.
III. Rhet., second clause in a sentence, opp. ἀρχή, D.H.Dem. 20.
2. repetition,συνδέσμουDemetr.Eloc.196.
3. succession of clauses ending in the same word, opp. ἐπιβολή, Rut.Lup.1.8.
IV. in Stoic Logic, the conclusion of a syllogism, Chrysipp.Stoic.2.80, Crinisib.3.269, Prm.p.534 S.
2. question at issue,τῆς . ἀπερρυηκέναιPhld.Mus.p.96 K.
V. in Gramm., ἔχειν ἐν ἐπιφορᾷ τὸ λ_λ_ to have λ_λ_ immediately following, Hdn.Gr.2.932.
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hide References (12 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (12):
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 17.94
    • Plato, Laws, 944b
    • Plato, Cratylus, 430d
    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.31
    • Polybius, Histories, 15.26.3
    • Polybius, Histories, 4.41.7
    • Polybius, Histories, 5.90.4
    • Polybius, Histories, 6.55.2
    • Plutarch, Numa, 22
    • Philostratus the Athenian, Lives of the Sophists, 1.17.1
    • Philostratus the Athenian, Lives of the Sophists, 1.25.10
    • Philostratus the Athenian, Gymnastica, 57
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