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στρα^τηγ-ός , (the fem. in Ar.Ec.491,500 is merely comic), Arc. and Dor. στρα^τα_γός IG5(2).6.9 (Tegea, iv B.C.), SIG597 B (Thermum, iii B.C.), etc.; Aeol. στρότα_γος IG12 (2).6.7 (Mytil.), 11(2).1064b27 (Delos):—
A.leader or commander of an army, general, Archil.58.1, A.Th.816, Arist.Ath.22.3, etc.; ἀνὴρ ς. A.Ag.1627, Pl.Ion 540d; opp. ναύαρχος (admiral), S.Aj.1232 (v. infr. 11.1).
2. generally, commander, governor, πόλει κήρυγμα θεῖναι τὸν ς. Id.Ant.8, cf. Arist.Mu.398a29.
4. metaph., παραλαβὼν . . οἶνον ς. Antiph.18; στρατηγοὶ κυνηγεσίων masters of hounds, Arist.Mu. 398a24; so strategum te facio huic convivio, Plaut.Stich.702.
II. at Athens, the title of 10 officers elected by yearly vote to command the army and navy, and conduct the war-department at home, commanders in chief and ministers of war, Hdt.6.109, Th.1.61, 4.2, Arist.Ath.26.1, 44.4, 61.1, D.4.25; “οἱ ς. οἱ εἰς ΣικελίανAnd.1.11, cf. IG12.302.46, al.; “ς. εἵλοντο δέκαX.HG1.5.16, cf. Eup. 117.4, pl.Com. 185, etc.; “τῷ ς. τῷ ἐπὶ τὰς συμμορίας ᾑρημένῳIG22.1629.209; when distd. from ναύαρχος and ἵππαρχος, the στρατηγός is commander of the infantry, Decr. ap. D.18.184, Arist.Ath.4.2; χειροτονηθεὶς ς. ἐπὶ τὸ ναυτικόν, ἐπὶ τὰ ὅπλα, IG22.682.5,31; ἐπὶ τὴν παρασκευήν ib.22; ἐπὶ τὴν χώραν ib.24.
2. also of chief magistrates of the cities of Asia Minor, Hdt.5.38; of many other Greek states, IG5(2) l.c. (Tegea, iv B.C.), 12(9).191 A 44 (Eretria, iv B.C.), OGI329.42 (Aegina, ii B.C.), Timae.114, Plb.2.43.1, etc.
3. in Ptolemaic and Roman Egypt, military and civil governor of a nome, PEnteux. 1.12, al. (iii B.C.), PCair.Zen.351.4 (iii B.C.), BGU1730.11 (i B.C.), OGI184.3 (Philae, i B.C.), Wilcken Chr.41 ii 6 (iii A.D.), 43.1 (iv A.D.); also in other parts of the Ptolemaic empire, e.g. at Calynda in Caria, PCair.Zen.341a).20 (iii B.C.); in Cyprus, OGI84 (iii B.C.); ς. τῆς Ἰνδικῆς καὶ Ἐρυθρᾶς θαλάσσης ib. 186 (Philae, i B.C.); in the Attalid empire, ib.267.13 (Pergam., iii B.C.), al.; ς. τῆς πόλεως at Alexandria, BGU729.1 (ii A.D.); at Ptolemais, OGI743 = Raccolta Lumbroso 299 (i B.C.), Sammelb.7027 (ii A.D.).
4.ς. ὕπατοςconsul, IG5(1).1165 (Gythium, ii B.C.), 9(2).338 (Cyretiae, ii B.C.), 42(1).306 D (Epid., ii B.C.), Plb.1.52.5; also ς. alone, Id.1.7.12, al., SIG685.20 (Crete, ii B.C.), and ὕπατος alone, v. ὕπατος; ς. ἀνθύπατος proconsul, ib.826 I 1 (Delph., ii B.C.), 745.2 (Rhodes, i B.C.); ἑξαπέλεκυς ς. praetor, Plb.3.106.6; used of the praetor urbanus, Id.33.1.5; called “ς. κατὰ πόλινIG14.951 (i B.C.), etc.; ς. alone, = praetor, D.H.2.6, Arr.Epict.2.1.26: also of the duumviri or chief magistrates of Roman colonies, as of Philippi, Act.Ap.16.20: later of the Comes Orientis, Lib.Or.56.21.
5. an officer who had the custody of the Temple at Jerusalem, “ ς. τοῦ ἱεροῦEv.Luc. 22.52, Act.Ap.4.1, J.BJ6.5.3.
6. νυκτερινὸς ς. superintendent of police at Alexandria, Str.17.1.12.
7. = φαλαγγάρχης (q.v.), Arr. Tact.10.7, Ael.Tact.9.8.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (36):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 1627
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 816
    • Andocides, On the Mysteries, 11
    • Aristophanes, Ecclesiazusae, 491
    • Aristophanes, Ecclesiazusae, 500
    • Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians, 22.3
    • Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians, 26.1
    • Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians, 44.4
    • Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians, 61.1
    • Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians, 4.2
    • Demosthenes, Philippic 1, 25
    • Demosthenes, On the Crown, 184
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.25
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.83
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.38
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.109
    • Flavius Josephus, The Jewish War, 6.5.3
    • New Testament, Acts, 4.1
    • Plato, Ion, 540d
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 11.1
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 1232
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 8
    • Strabo, Geography, 17.1.12
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 1.7.12
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 1.5.16
    • Polybius, Histories, 1.52.5
    • Polybius, Histories, 1.7.12
    • Polybius, Histories, 2.43.1
    • Polybius, Histories, 33.1.5
    • Polybius, Histories, 3.106.6
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.2
    • New Testament, Acts, 16.20
    • New Testament, Luke, 22.52
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.61
    • Arrian, Tactica, 10.7
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae, 2.6
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