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συμφων-ία , ,
2. of two sounds only, musical concord, accord, such as the fourth, fifth, and octave, Pl.R.531a, 531c; διὰ πασῶν ς. Arist.Pr.921a13, cf. Hp.Vict.1.8; distd. from mere ὁμοφωνία, Arist.Pol.1263b35.
3. harmonious union of many voices or sounds, concert, οἱ τῶν ς. λόγοι, the Pythag. doctrine of the music of the spheres, Id.Cael.290b22, cf. IG14.793 (Naples).
II. metaph., harmony, agreement, Pl.Lg.689d, Arist.Pol.1334b10; “ς. τις καὶ ἰσότηςThphr.Fr.89.8; “ς. τῷ λόγῳPl.R.401d; “ς. [τῆς ψυχῆς] ἑαυτῇId.Ti.47d; μείξας πάντα κατὰ συμφωνίαν, of a cook, Damox.2.54; unanimily, “ς. τῶν ἱστορησάντωνGal.15.134; opp. διαφωνία, ib. 440; concordance, of theory with observed fact, ἔχειν τοῖς φαινομένοις ς. Epicur.Ep.2p.36U., cf. Phld.Mort.10; also πρὸς τὰ πάθη ς. Polystr.p.15 W.: in concrete sense, ς., = τὸ συμπεφωνημένον (cf. “συμφωνέω11.2), the amount agreed upon, Ostr.364 (i A.D.).
III. band, orchestra, “Ἑλληνικά1.19 (Gytheum, i A.D.), PFlor.74.5 (ii A.D.), POxy.1275.9 (iii A.D.), and so perh. in Plb.26.1.4, 30.26.8, but used of a musical instrument in LXXDa.3.5; so Lat. symphonia, of a kind of drum, Isid.Etym.3.22.14, but of a wind instrument, Plin.HN8.157; symphoniae et cymbala strepitusque, Cels.3.18.10; “ἤκουσε συμφωνίας καὶ ΧορῶνEv.Luc.15.25.
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hide References (11 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (11):
    • New Testament, Luke, 15.25
    • Plato, Laws, 689d
    • Plato, Republic, 430e
    • Plato, Republic, 401d
    • Plato, Republic, 531a
    • Plato, Republic, 531c
    • Plato, Cratylus, 405d
    • Plato, Symposium, 187b
    • Plato, Timaeus, 47d
    • Polybius, Histories, 26.1.4
    • Old Testament, Daniel, 3.5
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