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χολή , ,
A.gall, bile, Archil.131, A.Ch.184, E.Fr.682, Th.2.49, etc.; χ. μέλαινα black, i. e. diseased, bile, Hp.Aph.4.23, Pl.Ti.83c (but, = μελαγχολία, Men.Epit.459); “ξανθὴ χ.Hp.VM19; “πυρράGal.15.658; χολὴν ἐμεῖν, βῆξαι, Nicopho 12, Herod.3.70 (prob. l.): prov., “πικρῷ πικρὰν κλύζουσι φαρμάκῳ χολήνS.Fr.854; “πικρότερ᾽ αὐτῆς τῆς χ.Alex. 16.12; χολῇ ἀλείφειν, prov. of giving one a disgust for a thing, from the custom of mothers putting gall to the nipple when the child was to be weaned, Diph.74.
2. pl. χολαί, gall-bladder, S.Ant. 1010; called δοχαὶ χολῆς, E.El.828; also in sg., A.Pr.495; “χολὴν τῶν ζῴων τὰ μὲν ἔχει τὰ δ᾽ οὐκ ἔχειArist.HA506a20, cf. PA 677b11.
3. metaph. (mostly in Poets) like χόλος (q. v.), bile, gall, i. e. bitter anger, wrath, Ar.Pax66; “ γυναιξὶν οὐκ οἴει χολὴν ἐνεῖναι;Id.Lys.465; “οὐδεὶς χολὴν οὐδ᾽ ὀργὴν ἔχων φανήσεταιD.25.27; πάνυ ἐστ᾽ ἤδη χ. stirs my bile, makes me sick, Ar.Ra.4; ἐπιζεῖ χ. the bile boils over, Id.Th.468; “χολὴν κινεῖνId.V.403, cf. Pherecr. 69.
II. ink of the cuttle-fish, Nic.Al.473, Th.561.
III. in LXX = Hebr. rôsh, a poisonous plant, variously called hemlock or poppy, Ps.68(69).22, Je.8.14.
IV. serpent's venom, χ. ἀσπίδος ib.Jb.20.14; of the hydra's venom, Apollod.2.5.2, D.S. 4.11.
V. bitter drink, Ev.Matt.27.34. (With χολή, χόλος, cf. Lat.fel, ONorse gall, etc., 'bile, gall':—prob. the name is derived from the colour of bile, and is cogn. with Lat. (holus, helvus, Germ. gelb 'yellow', perh. also χλόη.
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hide References (19 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (19):
    • Aeschylus, Libation Bearers, 184
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 495
    • Pseudo-Apollodorus, Library, 2.5.2
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 4
    • Aristophanes, Peace, 66
    • Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae, 468
    • Aristophanes, Wasps, 403
    • Demosthenes, Against Aristogiton 1, 27
    • Euripides, Electra, 828
    • Old Testament, Jeremiah, 8.14
    • Plato, Timaeus, 83c
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 1010
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.49
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 854
    • Aristophanes, Lysistrata, 465
    • Hippocrates, De prisca medicina, 19
    • Hippocrates, Aphorismi, 4.23
    • Old Testament, Job, 20.14
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 4.11
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