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ζυ^γόν , τό, also ζυγός , , (in various senses), h.Cer.217, Pl.Ti.63b, Theoc.30.29, LXXGe.27.40, al., Plb.4.82.2, Ev.Matt.11.29, Jul.Or.5.173a, etc.: rarely in pl.,
A.ζυγοίLXXPr.11.1, Sch.Th.1.29: Delph. δυγός (q.v.).
II. crossbar of the φόρμιγξ, Il.9.187.
III. in pl., thwarts or benches joining the opposite sides of a ship, Od.9.99, 13.21, Hdt.2.96: rarely in sg., “θοὸν εἰρεσίας ζυγόνS.Aj.249 (lyr.): metaph., of the seat of authority compared to the helmsman's seat, “ἐς τὸ πρῶτον πόλεος ζ.E.Ion595; “ἐπεὶ δ᾽ ἐπὶ ζυγοῖς καθέζετ᾽ ἀρχῆςId.Ph.74; σὺ ταῦτα φωνεῖς νερτέρᾳ προσήμενος κώπῃ, κρατούντων τῶν ἐπὶ ζυγῷ δορός; while on the main thwart sits authority, A.Ag.1618; also of a coachman's seat, box, PMasp.303.15 (vi A.D.).
2. in pl., panels of a door, IG12.372.199,22.1457.14,1672.155; cf. ζευγίον.
IV. beam of the balance, “ζυγὸν ταλάντουA.Supp.822 (lyr.), cf. Arist.Mech.850a4: hence, the balance itself (cf. πῆχυς IV), “αἴρειν τὸν ζυγόνPl.Ti.63b; ἐν πλάστιγγιζυγοῦ κεῖσθαιId.R.55oe; ζυγῷ or ἐν τῷ ζ. ἱστάναι, Lys.10.18, Pl. Prt.356b; “ζυγὸν ἱστάναιD.Prooem.55: in pl., Id.25.46, SIG975.39 (Delos, iii B.C.): prov., “ζ. μὴ ὑπερβαίνεινPythag. ap. D.L.8.18.
b. the constellation Libra, Hipparch.3.1.5, Ph.1.28, Man.2.137, etc.; “ζ. ἈφροδίτηςPorph.Antr.22.
V. καρχασίου the yard-arm at the mast head, Pi.N.5.51, cf. Ach.Tat.5.16.
VI. cross-strap of a sandal, Ar.Lys.417, Poll.7.81; ζυγός, , Phot.
VII. pair, κλεινὸν ζυγόν, of persons, E.Hel.392; κατὰ ζυγά in pairs, Arist.HA544a5, Theoc.13.32.
VIII. rank or line of soldiers, opp. file (στοῖχος)“, ἐν τῷ πρώτῳ ζ. ἐμάχοντο τέσσαρεςTh.5.68; “ ζυγόςPolyaen.4.4.3 (“τὰ ζυγά2.10.4); κατὰ ζυγόν line with line, Plb.1.45.9; “κατ᾽ ἄνδρα καὶ ζ.Id.3.81.2; esp. front rank, Ael.Tact.7.1, Arr.Tact.8.1; also of the Chorus, Poll.4.108.
IX. ζυγὰ ἄζυγα even or odd, a game, Sch.Ar.Pl.817.
X. measure of land, SIG963.13 (Amorgos, iv B.C.).
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (45):
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