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Ἅιδης or ᾄδης , ου, , Att.; Ep. Ἀΐδης , and εω; Dor. ᾿Αΐδας, α, used by Trag., in lyr.and anap.: gen. ῎Αϊδος, dat. ῎Αϊδι, Hom., Trag., v. infr.: (perh. ἀ- priv., ἰδεῖν):—in Hom. only as pr.n. Hades, “Ζεὺς καὶ ἐγώ, τρίτατος δ᾽ ΑΐδηςIl.15.188, cf.Hes.Th.455:—εἰν᾽ Αΐδαο δόμοισι in the nether world, Od.4.834; freq. εἰν, εἰς Αΐδαο (sc. δόμοις, δόμους), as Il.22.389, 21.48; εἰν Ἄϊδος Il 24.593; Trag. and Att. ἐν Ἅιδου, εἰς Ἅιδου (sc. οἴκῳ, οἶκον), S.Aj.865, Ar.Ra.69, etc.; Ἄϊδόσδε, Adv. to the nether world, Il.7.330, etc.; παρ᾽ Ἅιδῃ, παρ᾽ Ἅιδην, OT972, OC 1552:—hence,
II. after Hom., the grave, death, ἀΐδαν λαγχάνειν, δέξασθαι, Pi.P.5.96, I.6(5).15; ᾄδης πόντιος death by sea, A.Ag.667, cf. E.Alc.13, Hipp.1047; ᾄδου πύλη, Astrol., region below the Horoscope, Vett.Val.179.13.
2. gen. ᾄδου with nouns in adjectival sense, devilish, “θύουσαν . μητέρ᾽A.Ag.1235; “. μάγειροςE.Cyc.397; fatal, deadly, δίκτυον, ξίφη ., A.Ag.1115, E.Or.1399. [α^ Hom. in all forms exc. α_ι^δος before vowels; α_ι^δης Semon.7.117, prob. in S.OC1689.]
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (20):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 1115
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 667
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 69
    • Euripides, Alcestis, 13
    • Euripides, Cyclops, 397
    • Euripides, Hippolytus, 1047
    • Euripides, Orestes, 1399
    • Hesiod, Theogony, 455
    • Homer, Iliad, 15.188
    • Homer, Iliad, 21.48
    • Homer, Iliad, 22.389
    • Homer, Iliad, 24.593
    • Homer, Odyssey, 4.834
    • New Testament, Luke, 16.23
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 865
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1689
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.244
    • Homer, Iliad, 7.330
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 1235
    • Lucian, Cataplus, 14
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