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ἄφεσις , εως, , (ἀφίημι)
A.letting go, release, περὶ τῆς τῶν πλοίων ἀφέσεως Philipp. ap. D.18.77, cf. Pl.Plt.273c; “καρπῶνPAmh.2.43.9 (ii B. C.); γῆ ἐν ἀφέσει land in private hands, opp. βασιλική, PTeb. 5.37 (ii B. C.), etc.
b. of persons, dismissal: in ritual, “λαοῖς .Apul.Met.11.17; release, Plb.1.79.12, IG2.314.21, Ev.Luc.4.18.
2. c. gen., . φόνου quittance from murder, Pl.Lg.869d: so abs., Hermog.Stat.8; discharge from a bond, D.33.3; “. ἐναντίον μαρτύρων ποιήσασθαιId.45.41; opp. ἀπόδοσις χρημάτων, Isoc.17.29; exemption from attendance, leave of absence, Arist.Ath.30.6; . τῆς στρατείας exemption from service, Plu.Ages.24; remission of a debt, “ταλάντουMichel1340B7 (Cnidus, ii B. C.); “χρημάτωνIPE12.32B70 (Olbia, iii B. C.); sc. καταδίκης, Inscr.Magn.93c16.
b. forgiveness, Ev. Marc.3.29; “ἁμαρτιῶνEv.Matt.26.28.
3. relaxation, exhaustion, Hp.Epid.3.6.
5. starting of horses in a race, “ἵππων . ποιεῖνD.S.4.73: hence, starting-post itself, ἰσώσας τἀφέσει (Musgr. for τῇ φύσει τὰ τέρματα having made the winning-post one with the starting-post, i.e. having completed the δίαυλος and come back to the starting-post, dub. cj. in S.El.686, cf. Paus.5.15.5, 6.20.9: metaph., the first start, beginning of anything, Man.3.405, etc.
6. discharge, emission,ὕδατοςArist.PA 697a24; “βέλουςD.S.17.41; “τοῦ θοροῦ, τοῦ ᾠοῦArist.GA756a12; “τοῦ κυήματοςId.HA608a1; the dropping of a foal, ib.576a25.
b. discharge, release of an engine, Ph.Bel.58.24.
7. = ἀφεσμός, Arist.HA 625a20 (pl.).
8. release,ὕδατοςPPetr.2p.34 (iii B. C.): hence, in concrete sense, conduit, sluice, ib.3p.88, PFlor.388.44 (iii A. D.): pl., “ἀφέσεις θαλάσσηςchannels, LXX 2 Ki.22.16.
9. Astrol., reckoning of the vital quadrant, Ptol.Tetr.127, cf. Vett.Val.136.2 (but ἀπὸ Λέοντος τὴν ἄφεσιν ποιούμενοι, simply, starting from . . , Id.31.8).
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hide References (19 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (19):
    • Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians, 30.6
    • Demosthenes, On the Crown, 77
    • Demosthenes, Against Apatourius, 3
    • Demosthenes, Against Stephanus 1, 41
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 17.41
    • Isocrates, Trapeziticus, 29
    • New Testament, Matthew, 26.28
    • New Testament, Luke, 4.18
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 5.15.5
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 6.20.9
    • Plato, Laws, 869d
    • Plato, Statesman, 273c
    • Sophocles, Electra, 686
    • Polybius, Histories, 1.79.12
    • Old Testament, 2 Samuel, 22.16
    • Plutarch, Agesilaus, 24
    • Plutarch, Pompey, 42
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 4.73
    • Claudius Ptolemy, Tetrabiblos, 127
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