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δειλός , ή, όν, (δέος):
I. of persons, cowardly, opp. ἄλκιμος, Il. 13.278; opp. ἀνδρεῖος, Pl.Phdr.239a, etc.: hence, vile, worthless, Il. 1.293; “δειλαί τοι δειλῶν γε καὶ ἐγγύαιOd.8.351; opp. ἐσθλός, lowborn, mean, Hes.Fr.164; “πλοῦτος καὶ δειλοῖσιν ἀνθρώπων ὁμιλεῖB. 1.50; “ἀγαθοὶ δειλῶν ἐπὶ δαῖτας ἴσινEup.289; of animals, Hdt.3.108: c.gen., “δειλὸς μυάγρηςafraid of . ., AP9.410 (Tull. Sab.): c.inf., ib.6.232 (Crin.). Adv.“-λῶςTheoc.Adon.15, Plu.2.26b.
2. more commonly, miserable, wretched, with a compassionate sense, δειλοὶ βροτοί poor mortals! Il.22.31, al.; δειλέ poor wretch! δειλοίpoor wretches! 17.201, Od.20.351; “ δειλὲ ξείνων14.361; “Πατροκλῆος δειλοῖοIl.17.670.
II. of things, miserable, wretched,γῆραςHes.Op.113; δ. δ᾽ ἐνὶ πυθμένι φειδώ ib.369; “τὰ δ. κέρδηS.Ant.326; ἔργα, λόγος, etc., Thgn.307, E.Andr.757, etc.: Comp., Longin.2.1: Sup., Ar.Pl.123: neut. pl. as Adv., “ὀχλεῖ μοι δειλὰ ΤρωΐλοςPIand. 11.4 (iii A.D.).—Trag. use δειλός chiefly in former sense, δείλαιος in latter.
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hide References (16 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (16):
    • Aristophanes, Plutus, 123
    • Bacchylides, Epinicians, 1.50
    • Euripides, Andromache, 757
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.108
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 113
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 369
    • Homer, Iliad, 13.278
    • Homer, Iliad, 17.201
    • Homer, Iliad, 17.670
    • Homer, Iliad, 1.293
    • Homer, Iliad, 22.31
    • Homer, Odyssey, 14.361
    • Homer, Odyssey, 20.351
    • Homer, Odyssey, 8.351
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 239a
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 326
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