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ἱππ-εύς , gen. έως -έω dub. in Hsch.), Ep. ῆος, , (ἵππος) who fights from a chariot, Hom. (only in Il.), opp. πεζός, 2.810; either of the driver or of the hero who fights, 12.66, 15.270; also of one who drives in a chariot-race, 23.262.
2. horseman, rider, cavalryman, “ἰππήων στρότοςSapph.Supp.5.1, cf. Hdt.3.88,9.49, A. Pers.14 (anap.), Arist.Pol.1270a29, etc.; τῆς πολιτείας . a public courier, Aristaenet.1.26.
3. groom, Class.Rev.27.12 (Laodicea Combusta), 24.12, JHS18.108 (near Lysias).
II. ἱππεῖς, in social and political sense, knights, forming an aristocracy in early Greek communities, Arist.Pol.1297b18, etc.; at Eretria, ib.1306a35, Ath. 15.2; at Sparta, a royal bodyguard, Hdt.8.124, cf. 1.67, etc.; esp. at Athens, the Second Class in Solon's constitution, Arist.Ath.7.3; later, an aristocratic corps of cavalry, Ar.Eq.225, And.3.5, Philoch. 100, etc.
2. of the Roman equites, D.S.37.8, D.H.4.24, App. BC1.22, etc.; ἱππεὺς Ῥωμαίων,= Lat. eques Romanus, Mon.Anc.Gr. 7.17, IG3.768a, IGRom.3.204 (Ancyra), OGI547.2 (ibid.), 645.7 (Palmyra), prob. in IGRom.4.1213 (Thyatira).
III. nimble kind of crab, Arist.HA525b8.
IV. kind of comet, Plin.HN2.90, Lyd. Ost.11.
V. girl's ornament, Hsch., cf. Ostr.323 (ii B.C.).
VI. a measure, πυρῶν, ἀμυγδάλων, ἀλεύρων, Supp.Epigr.2.710(Pednelissus).
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hide References (15 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (15):
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 14
    • Andocides, On the Peace, 5
    • Aristophanes, Knights, 225
    • Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians, 15.2
    • Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians, 7.3
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.67
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.88
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.124
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.49
    • Homer, Iliad, 15.270
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.262
    • Homer, Iliad, 12.66
    • Homer, Iliad, 2.810
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 2.90
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae, 4.24
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